What is MikroTik and what does it do?

What is a Mikrotik device and what is it used for?

Computer networks for internal and external communication to devices such as routers, switches, wireless equipment, etc. they need. Large brands and companies produce and market this hardware. One of these companies and manufacturers of hardware products is MikroTik Network, which initially produced a Linux-based operating system. In this article, we will review the types of devices and software.

When and with what products did Mikrotik enter the market?

Founded in Latvia in Eastern Europe in 1996 by two MIT American students, it has grown worldwide.

The first product the company launched was its own Mikrotik operating system, which is based on Linux. This operating system was installed on ordinary PCs.

The purpose of this product is to compete with large companies such as Cisco, which has its own products and operating system. If you work in the field of networking, you must have heard of the Cisco brand once. The company has launched expensive and quality products (routers, switches, etc.).

Mikrotik’s main goal was to compete with this company but at a lower price. Of course, note that the low price of these products has not diminished their quality.

Therefore In 2002, Microtek decided to enter the production phase of new hardware for the higher stability of its operating system. Which created products like routers.

What are the important features of the Microtik device?

Today, the use of these devices in the network has increased dramatically, the reason for the growth of this company is the following:

  • The most important feature of this device in our opinion is its stability
  • High speed on boot
  • Automatic operation without the need to log in to any service
  • High installation speed
  • High configuration speed due to the graphical nature of the operating system
  • Its settings can be Import and Export
  • It is more economical than similar hardware models

What is MikroTik used for?

  • Routing
  • Firewall
  • Quality of Service
  • Load Balancing
  • DHCP Server
  • NAT (Network Address Translate)
  • Proxy ServerWireless
  • VPN (Virtual Private Network)
  • MPLS
  • Radius, User Management
  • And hundreds more…

Winbox application for ease of use on Microtik routers

A unique program from Microtek for Windows is called Winbox. This program is actually a graphical user interface that is used to configure or configure routers and monitor their functionality.

With this program, you can easily manage and monitor your router hardware.

Are MikroTik routers safe and secure?

Any system that is not well protected will be attacked by hackers. So it can not be said that Mikrotik is unsafe or very safe. As a person in charge of the network, it is better to observe the following security issues so that you do not get attacked by hackers.

  • Use the name for the username

Most Mikrotik users use names like admin, super admin, mikrotikadmin, and for the username, which is very wrong.

  • Use of weak passwords

The truth is that we all know that using weak and public passwords creates insecurity, but we continue to do so.

To solve this problem, you must use strong passwords that have uppercase and lowercase letters, special characters, and.

  • Enable remote DNS request

By checking to allow remote DNS requests and placing the DNS address on the device, you are actually turning your router into a DNS server. Also, The only purpose of this company was to reduce the DNS resolution time.

We recommend that you enable this feature only if you have a firewall roll for it.

  • Use default port numbers

One of the reasons for hacking or network damage is the use of default ports. Hackers must enter the port number correctly in order to enter your router. When these ports are off by default, you add more layers of security to prevent malware from entering.

  • There were no firewall rolls

Most users of these roles either ignore the rules or disable them. This is very wrong and will cause insecurity in your network. Failure to enable this feature will result in serious damage to your network.

Does Mikrotik need a license?

MikroTik devices are pre-licensed and do not need to be purchased. In addition For certain actions and to obtain a higher level license or installation on x86 PC, you must register an account on the page of the Mikrotik website, and use the “Buy RouterOS license” option there.

What is Radio Mikrotik?

Mikrotik radio use to send and share information over long distances.

What is Microtek Wireless Radio?

Mikrotik wireless radio is one of the most widely used network devices and provides the ability to receive and send data over long and short distances. Also, It can be said that wireless radios cover many more points in the network.

Note: Also These wireless radios are used to transmit CCTV images or send information over long distances.

What are Mikrotik training courses?

Now that we know what Mikrotik is and what its uses are, let’s move on to courses on routers and these products.

The company has produced educational topics for users to get acquainted with the performance of its operating system, which is offered in 7 groups and 3 different levels: basic, semi-professional, and professional.

Mikrotik router training courses

  • MTCNA – MikroTik Certified Network Associate
  • MTCRE – MikroTik Certified Routing Engineer
  • MTCWE – MikroTik Certified Wireless Engineer
  • MTCTCE – MikroTik Certified Traffic Control Engineer
  • MTCUME – MikroTik Certified User Management Engineer
  • MTCINE – MikroTik Certified Inter-networking Engineer
  • MTCIPv6E – MikroTik Certified IPv6 Engineer

Conclusion

You must use built-in devices to communicate in and out of the network. One of the important companies in the field of manufacturing this equipment is Mikrotik Company. So The company has its own hardware and software (operating system). If you are a network technician, be sure to use this device to set up your network.