Blockchain Is One Of The Main Innovative Technologies That Is Revolutionizing Digital Supply Chain Management.
As supply chains become more complex, they involve more people and rely heavily on many external intermediaries.
Whenever a transaction occurs in the blockchain, all participating nodes must confirm the transaction. Because each node has a blockchain record (that is, it records general chain information), features such as security and transparency have been improved over conventional systems.
It is therefore important that the blockchain is not dependent on a specific control entity and that the various nodes hold the database information.
In addition, blockchain technology can help reduce costs, increase security, ensure greater information security, build trust between companies and customers, and automate the processes performed by human resources today.
A connected and integrated chain
The database blockchain is a distributed, consensus-based database that continuously maintains a list of records (categories) that each refers to previous list options, thereby strengthening it against unauthorized undermining or revision.
The blockchain itself is a subset of Distributed Ledger technologies. Blockchain is a type of data architecture used in distributed office technology in which transaction records are stored in interconnected chains.
In this technology, the network can maintain the integrity of the database content, although multiple users record and modify data simultaneously and that data may overlap.
Due to the encrypted data structure of the china block, the integrity is maintained without a central controller.
There is a math problem that is difficult to solve in bitcoin distributed general ledgers to sort transactions and prevent inconsistencies, but after solving the problem, it is easy to use this mechanism to prove the function (Proof of work). ) they say.
In the bitcoin blockchain method, one can arrange the transactions of each step that has found the answer to this difficult question and at the same time, the changes that it intends to apply (new block) do not contradict the previous steps of the chain.
Emerging Blockchain Applications
While blockchain supply chain applications are still emerging, several successful examples show that managers can reap huge benefits from blockchain, from cost savings, tracking, and performance enhancements to new operating models.
For supply chain management, blockchain technology has many advantages. Blockchains can be used to track the movement of goods, their origin, number, and… As a result, it brings a new level of transparency to the B2B ecosystem.
Simplifying processes such as transfer of ownership, insurance, production process, and payment are other benefits of using a blockchain.
Blockchains can provide clearer and more accurate tracking of the supply chain:
Organizations can digitize physical assets and create a decentralized fixed track record of all transactions to track assets from production to delivery or Provide end-user use. Increasing supply chain transparency provides more visibility for both businesses and consumers.
Blockchain can reduce supply chain transparency, especially in areas such as fraud invaluable goods such as diamonds and pharmaceuticals.
Blockchain can help companies understand how raw materials and finished goods are shipped through each subcontractor and reduce the loss of profit from counterfeit trade and the gray market, as well as reduce or eliminate the impact of products.
Counterfeiting increases the confidence of end-users in the market.
In addition, businesses can have more control over the construction of outsourced contracts. A blockchain allows all sides of a relevant supply chain to access the same information, potentially reducing communications or transmitting data errors. Less time can be spent validating data, and more can be spent on delivering goods and services – or improving quality, reducing costs, or both.
The blockchain system is especially useful in supply chain management:
Provenance and traceability
Digital payments and contracts
Blockchain The beating heart of smart contracts
Using smart contracts, sponsored by organizations such as the Ethereum Project, allows companies to access a wide range of tools to improve their projects.
A smart contract allows the necessary legal agreements to be made between two or more separate parties. These contracts create a higher level of anonymity and eliminate the need for a third party such as a lawyer.
The expected criteria are listed in the contract, and when the parties are satisfied, the contract will be performed automatically and actions without the need for manual control. Smart contracts can be used to facilitate large volumes of different transactions; From institutional financial processes to medical research, it can be done through automation and very simply.
That’s why smart contract developers are focusing on blockchain developers.
A smart contract is a computer protocol for creating or improving a contract. The smart contract allows you to create valid transactions without interfaces. These transactions are traceable and irreversible.
Smart contracts include all information about the terms of the contract and the execution of all targeted actions automatically.
A smart contract can be executed without the need for an individual or an institution. Therefore, it can be more secure and less expensive.
In contrast, issues such as the possibility of human error (when writing contract codes), the current non-transparent legal rules in different countries regarding this form of contract, and the high cost of writing it by programmers are among the most important disadvantages of smart contracts.
It is worth mentioning that some types of digital currencies have provided implementations for smart contracts.
Blockchain The beating heart of digital currencies
Digital currencies are currencies that are stored and transmitted electronically and are based on zero and one. As the word implies, digital currency refers to any value created in the digital context.
This concept is used against physical intermediaries such as banknotes or coins. The digital currency has similar properties to physical currencies, but digital currency capital transfers are usually instantaneous and borderless.
Virtual currencies and cryptocurrencies are both examples of digital currencies, but not every digital currency is a virtual currency or cryptocurrency.
Digital currencies, like physical currencies, are used to buy goods and services but can also be limited to use in certain forums. For example, you can have a virtual currency for a game or social network.
Digital currencies such as Bitcoin and Atrium are known as “decentralized digital currencies”; Which means that there is no center to produce this money.
Charging electric cars
Electric car charging stations are mostly located next to people’s homes; So when they leave home for work, the charger remains unused. Using blockchain technology, an unmediated platform can be designed that allows electric car owners to make money.
With this technology, drivers share chargers from morning to evening and earn money this way.
Thus, the number of electric car charging stations in California has increased from a few to several hundred.
Supply Chain Management
Blockchain is one of the main innovative technologies that is revolutionizing digital supply chain management. As supply chains become more complex, engage more mortgagors, and rely heavily on many external intermediaries, the blockchain serves as a powerful competitor to the complexity of all data, documents, and communication exchanges in the ecosystem.
The supply chain is happening, appeared. While blockchain supply chain applications are still emerging, many successful examples show that managers can reap huge benefits from blockchain, from cost savings, tracking, and performance enhancement to modeling.
New operations for supply chain management Blockchain technology has many advantages. Blockchains can be used to track the movement of goods, their origin, number, and… As a result, it brings a new level of transparency to the B2B ecosystem.
Other benefits of blockchain include simplifying processes such as transfer of ownership, insurance, production, and payment.
In the field of health services
The blockchain has different applications in the field of health and medical services. Using this technology, patient information is recorded and stored in a secure environment. One of the problems that doctors and medical centers face is the difficulty of transmitting patient information; This may lead to unfortunate events.
Using blockchain technology, patient information is transferred from one hospital to another or another treatment team. Blockchain can also be effective in tracking and transporting drugs more securely; Because it is possible to follow the path that the drug takes from the place of production to the destination.
In the field of tax collection
Traditional approaches to tax collection have drawbacks. Tax evasion and fraud are also common in almost all governments. Individuals and businesses can use tax complexity to avoid tax evasion.
Blockchain technology, due to its decentralization, non-intermediation, transparency, and security, will have a great impact on how taxes are registered, especially VAT, and will help fight tax fraud.
This technology can drastically change the tax structure.
This capability is due to the implementation of smart contracts that can automate the process of payment, transfer, and recording of assets, and tax calculations can be done more efficiently and with less cost and time.
In addition, blockchain can pave the way for more advanced levels of transparency, security, and reporting.