The HAARP Research Center In Alaska Is Better Known For Its Conspiracy Theories Than For Its Scientific Achievements. In This Article, You Will Get Acquainted With All The Mysterious Angles Of This Facility.
HAARP Project, Consider this scenario: Every morning, a group of plasma physics students wake up in a remote research center to perform a series of experiments to take control of the world finally. Depending on the unpredictable work schedule of military scientists, this group of technicians will either have to send radio waves over the atmosphere to build missile shields, destroy enemy satellites, occasionally trigger earthquakes, or control the minds of millions of people in a Templar style. Play Assassin’s Creed.
The name of this research center is (HAARP), which is located in the mountainous region of Gakuna, 402 km south of Fairbanks in the state of Alaska, and is the center of all kinds of events and conspiracy theories; From the earthquake in Haiti to the destruction of the Columbia space shuttle to a weapon to displace the Earth’s magnetic poles.
But to what extent is this scenario based on reality? Follow this article to get acquainted with the HAARP project and all its mysterious and dark angles.
The titles you will read in this article:
- What is HAARP?
- History of HAARP
- Where is HAARP?
- HAARP Project Objectives
- How does HAARP work?
- Why did HAARP become famous?
- HAARP conspiracy theories
- Is HAARP a secret military weapon?
- HAARP; Dangerous or safe?
What is HAARP?
If we want to reveal the end of the story from the beginning, we have to say that the scenario you read had little to do with reality, and the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program, or HAARP for short, is something more sinister. Not from a research station.
At a glance, HAARP is 16 acres of land covered by 180 antennas and five 2.5-megawatt generators used to study the ionosphere, the ionized part of the Earth’s upper atmosphere that sits just at the edge of space. HAARP’s powerful radio frequency transmitter can disrupt the order of a small part of the ionosphere by sending radio signals. Then instruments on the ground measure these disturbances to understand the ionosphere mechanism.
HAARP was originally funded by the US Navy and Air Force and DARPA (US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) to improve routing and communication signals. Still, from the first experiments of this facility in 1999, many believed that HAARP’s goal was more than just scientific research.
In fact, the project has been the subject of numerous conspiracy theories around the world since the 1990s and has even been dubbed the “Moby-Dick Conspiracy Theories”; But the fact is that HAARP is a legal research program that, while the most powerful tool built to study the ionosphere, failed to achieve what the US military initially sought, which was to improve the range of radio signals and ultimately the military budget. It lost itself and was taken over by the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
If you think the idea of sending radio waves to the highest layer of the atmosphere is scary, it’s worth noting that weather radars also send microwave energy pulses into the atmosphere every day to see if it’s raining tomorrow.
There is currently a no more powerful tool for studying the ionosphere than the HAARP transmitter. Over the years, the research center has hosted many research projects, including creating the first manufactured aurora borealis. However, HAARP’s reputation is not for research projects but for the conspiracy theories that have developed around the center since its inception.
History of HAARP
The background to HAARP development is similar to that of a Hollywood blockbuster. In the early 1990s, an influential Republican senator named Ted Stevens tried to get a majority in Congress to build the project. But for the Pentagon to be able to justify the $ 250 million cost of building the facility, it had to consider military applications that cast doubt on its purely investigative nature.
Finally, in 1993, the US Navy began construction of the facility, and its first unit was operational by the winter of 1994. The area near Gacona chooses to build the HAARP facility because it was flat land in the Arctic region and where the aurora borealis occurred.
The HAARP site was well accessible due to its proximity to the main highway. Still, at the same time, it was remote enough that no electrical or radio source would interfere with the facilities’ tools.
By 1999, HAARP was developed to the point where it could conduct high-quality ionosphere research. Between 2003 and 2006, added new instruments to the center, including UHF ionospheric radar and a telescopic dome for optical observation.
In 2008, Stevens was ousted from Congress for corruption.
In 2009, his sentence was overturned due to a prosecutor’s mistake, but he died in a plane crash the following year. He was replaced in Congress by Democrat Mark Begic, whose brother Nick Begic was a staunch supporter of the theory that the HAARP was a secret project to develop military weapons. In fact, what is known as HAARP conspiracy theories stems more than anything from Nick Begich.
Since the military financed the construction of this project, it must also have military purposes. For this reason, proponents of the facility have long considered HAARP to have some strange military uses to justify the exorbitant costs of building it; These include communicating with submarines in the deeper parts of the oceans, discovering underground military shelters, or removing deactivating electrons from satellites in the event of a nuclear explosion at high altitude.
DARPA investigated the latter, but in 2014, the agency announced that it would abandon its investigation at HAARP because there was no need to continue.
Completed The last DARPA-funded experiment on ionosphere properties and effects (called BRIOCHE) in mid-June 2014. Withdrawing DARPA from the HAARP project, the Navy in charge of the facility announced that no institution would be spending money to keep the facility afloat, so there was no reason to keep it open.
The cost of keeping HAARP open was $ 2.5 million a year. However, it did not make sense to abandon the facility, costing more than $ 250 million to build and operate. As a result, responsibility for the HAARP facility was transferred to Fairbanks University in Alaska in 2015, and HAARP’s military application was largely complete.
Where is HAARP?
HAARP Research Station is located in the almost uninhabited city of Gakuna, Alaska. The U.S. Navy chose Gacona to build the HAARP for the following reasons:
1) Located in the aurora borealis area, 2) Proximity to the main highway and easy access to it, 3) Distance from densely populated areas, noise and light pollution, 4) Location on relatively flat ground, 5) Reasonable construction costs, And 6) minimal environmental impacts.
HAARP Project Objectives
The purpose of the HAARP facility was to study the three cases: the ionosphere (the highest layer of the atmosphere where UV temporarily separates electrons from atoms), magnetosphere (the area above the ionosphere where the Earth’s magnetic field affects the behavior of charged particles) and belt Van Allen (strips in the magnetosphere full of highly charged particles that block harmful cosmic particles from radiating to Earth).
Scientists’ interest in studying the ionosphere stems from the region’s influence on radio signals.
The Van Allen Belt is also of interest to scientists because the region’s radiation damages satellites. A better understanding of it could lead to the development of more durable satellites in space.
Dennis Papadopoulos, a professor of physics at the University of Maryland who helped shape HAARP’s idea with the Naval Research Laboratory, said of the facility when it was still in the US Navy: “HAARP is a plasma physics laboratory with its doors open to the public. Is. “In this lab, we test scientific ideas and theories, and if something is important to the Department of Defense, we record it for further research.”
In general, HAARP development aims to understand the physical laws of the ionosphere, which are constantly responding to the effects of the sun. If scientists can better understand what is happening in the ionosphere, they may reduce some disruptions to communications and the power grid caused by solar particles.
How does HAARP work?
As mentioned, HAARP was built to study the ionosphere, the upper edge of the atmosphere where phenomena such as aurora borealis and radio waves are transmitted from transmitter to receiver.
To study the atmosphere, antennas from HAARP installations send high-frequency radio waves to the ionosphere, and ground-based sensors measure the effects of these waves in the ionosphere. All HAARP experiments are performed in an area of 100 by 100 kilometers from the ionosphere, and the effects of radio waves last only a few seconds.
HAARP’s tools for studying the ionosphere include 360 radio transmitters and 180 aluminum antennas on a 16-hectare site. These antennas simultaneously send radio waves into the ionosphere, 80 km above the Earth’s surface.
In this region, sunlight temporarily separates electrons from gas molecules and creates charged particles.
By tuning HAARP radio signals, scientists simulate the reactions that take place in the ionosphere’s underlying layer, creating phenomena such as aurora flows, known as “virtual antennas.”
Take a look inside HAARP Research Station.
On Earth, scientists are working with a set of geophysical research tools, including low-frequency receivers, magnetometers, ultra-high frequency (UHF) radar, optical and infrared spectrometers, and cameras to study the effect of these signals.
“Virtual antennas” can penetrate deep into the oceans and improve communications with submarines. In the absence of sunlight, the lowest layer of the ionosphere is temporarily destroyed.
The absence of this layer allows HAARP to conduct experiments to discover better ways to use a process called “celestial wave propagation.”
HAARP’s idea is simple, but it is also one of the few tools that scientists have to study the ionosphere; Because the altitude of this region is too high for balloon access and too low for satellite access.
One of the applications that HAARP state scientists were particularly interested in was converting the ionosphere’s underlying layer into a means of transmitting radio signals around the Earth’s curvature. Radio waves travel in a straight line, but the earth is not flat, so it isn’t easy to send radio signals to the other side of the world.
To solve this problem, scientists send a signal to the ionosphere with a frequency between 2.8 and 10 MHz, and then change the amplitude of this signal so that HAARP simulates the phenomenon of aurora flows called “virtual antennas” and causes the ionosphere to respond with a signal with Send shallow frequency to ground.
This phenomenon is used to improve communication with submarines.
Because saline, conductive seawater absorbs high-frequency radio waves, submarines now use wired connections to receive radio signals that reach certain ocean depths.
But low-frequency signals, such as those generated by HAARP in the ionosphere, allow submarines to enter much lower depths of the oceans, free from the limitations of wired connections. “This is a real signal coming from space as if there is an antenna on top, with no wires,” said Paul Cossey, former director of the HAARP program at the Air Force Research Laboratory.
The project was of great research value to the United States when the United States and the Soviet Union were at war. It helped submarines sink deeper into the ocean without disrupting communications.
But after the end of this period and the relative failure of the project, its continuation was no longer economically justified for the United States and therefore abandoned.
Another application of HAARP is to perform experiments to simulate the aurora borealis phenomenon; The same light, colored and moving curtains that naturally appear from the fall of electrons and other charged particles from the magnetosphere to the upper atmosphere in the sky above the Earth’s two poles.
At an altitude of about 250 km above the Earth’s surface, charged particles collide with oxygen and nitrogen molecules and emit light from them, like what happens inside a fluorescent lamp.
HAARP high-frequency radio waves can excite electrons in the atmosphere, increase their impact energy, and cause light to glow. This technique is used to be about 1 MW was able dots of light to appear in the sky. Still, after the center’s power to 3. 6 megawatts, or about three times more than a radio transmitter normal, the scientists were able Aurora artificial perfect That was visible to the naked eye.
The production of artificial aurora borealis has taught scientists unexpected lessons about how gases ionize in the ionosphere, a process that protects the earth from the sun’s harmful UV rays.
As long as the HAARP facility owned the US military, carried out the projects were for military purposes. But since 2015, the center has been in charge of the University of Alaska at the Fairbanks, and researchers can use its tools to perform ionosphere-related experiments. Each test costs about $ 5,000 and consumes about 2,300 liters of fuel per hour.
In general, many of the experiments performed at HAARP, in the words of Paul Cossey, “mimic natural processes in a controlled environment.”
Why did HAARP become famous?
Pictures taken from the HAARP facility may seem a little daunting. The center is a giant instrument on a 16-hectare site covered by 180 massive antennas. In addition, it is located in a remote and almost deserted area. It has been developed with the US Air Force, Navy, and the Agency for Advanced Defense Research Projects.
These are enough to make HAARP a vicious and mysterious image to which any unpleasant incident can be attributed.
HAARP certainly could not have achieved such fame globally without the “conspiracy theories” created about him, as even Iranian users are curious about.
Some curious HAARP believes that the purpose of building this $ 250 million antenna set is not to conduct harmless scientific research but to develop a superweapon.
For a long time, HAARP was the most serious critic of plasma physicist Bernard Eastland, who is said to have been involved in the Star Wars Strategic Defense Initiative, a defensive measure against possible long-range missile strikes in the former Soviet Union, and in Advanced Power Technologies, which first built HAARP was intended to be present.
Eastlund, who some belief fired from the company for his extremist views, claimed that HAARP was made with his patents; Patents for the development of a technology that can change the weather and disable satellites.
Although strongly rejected by the HAARP program director, this claim was the beginning of forming the first conspiracy theories surrounding the project.
In fact, after Eastland died in 2007, Nick Begich, the son of a former US lawmaker and the brother of former Senator Mark Begich, claimed in a book entitled “Angels Do Not Play HAARP:
Advances in Tesla Technology” that HAARP facilities could lead to Earthquake and turn the upper layer of the atmosphere into giant lenses that make it look like “the sky is on fire.” He also owns a website that claims HAARP is a tool to control the human mind.
“I am not saying that HAARP should be shut down altogether,” Begic said of his critical approach to HAARP.
Rather, it needs to be more closely monitored. “The government is not honest with us about the nature of the HAARP program, and they are using a system to manipulate parts of the environment without letting the public know.”
But perhaps when the HAARP project became world-famous, and its name came to prominence in 2010, when former Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez claimed that HAARP was the cause of the deadly earthquake in Haiti.
HAARP conspiracy theories
It is not surprising to say that HAARP conspiracy theories are more famous than the program itself. According to computer scientist David Naidich, HAARP has attracted the attention of conspiracy theorists because “its goals seem very mysterious to those who do not have enough scientific knowledge.”
For Nick Begich, HAARP is so dangerous that it can become a tool to control the human mind.
According to him, HAARP radio waves can be generated at frequencies similar to the frequency of human brain waves, making it possible for HAARP to control human thoughts. Begic also cites Eastland’s claims that HAARP was made with patents related to his climate change. A project is a covert tool for artificially creating earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, and other natural phenomena.
Critics more extreme than Begic, such as Jerry Smith, author of HAARP: The Conspiracy Superhero, argued that the HAARP project hastens to prevent hurricanes from entering the Earth, including Hurricane Katrina. Others say HAARP was responsible for the destruction of the Columbia space shuttle in 2003.
In 2006, two Georgian men plotted to demolish the HAARP facility to “free a trapped soul.”
If you ask HAARP scientists about these claims, they will either laugh or get angry. The following is a list of the most popular conspiracy theories about HAARP and the response of scientists to reject them.
1- Disabling satellites and missiles
- American physicist Bernard Eastlood claimed that HAARP was made with patents, including technology to disable satellites and rockets.
The US Air Force and Navy, and DARPA have denied the allegations. Destroying missiles and satellites with HAARP requires injecting particles into Van Allen’s radiation belt, which is impossible.
2- Climate control
- This theory also stems from Eastland’s claim. He believed that HAARP could direct electrons up and into the atmosphere, causing the underlying particles to move, resulting in a change in the Earth’s climate.
Rejecting this claim, Imran Inan, a professor of electrical engineering at Stanford University whose research team worked with HAARP, says that humans are currently incapable of competing with the power of nature. Although the power of the HAARP is high, it is not at all comparable to the power of lightning, which occurs 50 to 100 times per second.
3- Controlling the human mind
- Some believe that because the waves produced by HAARP are similar to the waves in the brain, they can use to control human thoughts.
Rejecting this claim, it is said that HAARP waves are not strong enough even to measure, let alone control, people’s minds. According to Chris Fallen, former head of the HAARP research team, HAARP scientists focus on space 97 kilometers above us, and in this area, HAARP radio waves are 100 times weaker than mobile phone waves.
4- Production of waste … and control of the human mind
- Some believe that HAARP is involved in producing waste, which they see as a weapon for mind control and manipulation of the climate.
This theory must test in two ways. First, the contrail Unlike these people, not chemical weapons but water vapor in the exhaust of aircraft engines caused by exposure to cold atmosphere condenses and creates ice crystals small. Secondly, according to
According to the University of Alaska, HAARP has no role in producing waste. HAARP does not have the ability to produce water or release gas into the atmosphere and does not interact with water molecules in the clouds.
5. Destruction of the Columbia space shuttle
- Some believe that in 2003, HAARP attempted to destroy a missile fired from North Korea, which mistakenly destroyed the Columbia space shuttle, which was entering the atmosphere at the time.
The culprit of the deadly Columbia space shuttle disaster has been a technical defect and foam separation from the foreign fuel tank. Meanwhile, HAARP does not have the power to destroy missiles.
6- Disruption of space-time integration and destruction of TWA 800 flight
- Some believe that years before the official reopening of HAARP, the center worked with Norway to disrupt space-time integration. These tests accidentally destroyed the TWA 800 in 1996, killing all 230 people on board.
Many theories about why the plane exploded and crashed made it more likely that US Navy warships mistakenly targeted it during a military maneuver. Meanwhile, the science of disturbing space-time is so beginner that it cannot discuss at all at this time.
7- Artificial creation of natural disasters
- Name a natural phenomenon, and you will probably find someone who believes the HAARP caused it. Conspiracy theorists believe that the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami culprits were Hurricane Moore in Oklahoma in 2013 and the landslide in the Philippines in 2006.
Even former Venezuelan President Hugo Chوزvez claimed that HAARP, or a similar program, was responsible for the Haiti earthquake that killed 300,000 people. Of course, there are natural reasons for these natural disasters. For example, Haiti’s cause of the deadly earthquake was a fault slip along the border of the tectonic plates of the Caribbean and North America.
In general, the heating effects of HAARP in the ionosphere are minimal and therefore can not be effective in creating natural phenomena such as storms. These phenomena occur at much lower altitudes than the ionosphere and produce greater amounts of energy.
Is HAARP a secret military weapon?
The question that may still be on the audience’s mind is, if the HAARP is not a military weapon, why has the role of the US military in funding and implementing its projects been so prominent?
The answer is that the primary reason for the US military’s interest in building the HAARP facility was to develop a solution to improve the range of communications and surveillance systems for defense and civilian purposes.
In fact, the ionosphere plays an important role in sending radio signals. By sending radio signals to the ionosphere, scientists were to study how it responds to these signals and accurately measure them with the help of the center’s powerful tools.
According to Bill Bristo of the University of Alaska at Fairbanks, the only thing the US military wanted to control was not the climate or the human mind, but the hot plasma in the ionosphere; That is, a state in which positive, negative, and neutrally charged particles are mixed and ionized to correction.
Plasma can divert or delay the transmission of satellite and GPS signals. That is why the US military wanted to know if these disturbances could be manipulated from the ground to solve such problems and pave the way for developing newer radar and communication technology.
That’s why HAARP built the world’s most powerful ionospheric heating system.
However, more than a decade of testing failed to make significant progress, and the US military eventually decided to abandon the project. Now that the financiers of the facility were disappointed, they saw no reason to continue operating it; That’s why the US Air Force announced in 2014 that it planned to shut down the HAARP facility completely.
The news of the closure of the research center prompted scientists at the University of Alaska to try to keep it afloat. The Air Force finally formally handed over the facility’s management to the university in 2015. Researchers have since used HAARP tools for their own projects for a fee or in the facility’s research campaigns three or four times a year. , Participate.
Despite all this, some, including Russia, still believe that the HAARP is a “geophysical weapon” that may bring the entire economy of a country to its knees in just a few years or turn the poles of the earth upside down.
A 2008 report by Russia stated that if the HAARP system reached its final power level, the ionosphere would be damaged, and cosmic radiation would reach the Earth’s surface. Even one use of this “weapon” may lead to a series of events that no one will be able to stop.
Things like an earthquake or a sudden cooling of the world.
According to Canadian scientist Rosalie Bertel, who has studied the effects of war on the environment, severe disturbances in the ionosphere may lead to releasing large masses of free electrons, known as electron storms. As a result, the electric potential of the poles may change, causing the earth’s magnetic poles to shift. Simply put, the earth will turn upside down.
Whether or not HAARP was built with these sinister intentions in mind from the beginning, or whether the center has such amazing capabilities at all (even though it could not even successfully carry out its original project), the US military is no longer responsible for the facility. And its doors are open to any researcher whose subject matter is related to the ionosphere.
Is HAARP Dangerous? Who is right?
Some notions about the dark dimensions of the HAARP are so extreme that they can easily dismiss. HAARP is neither a deadly ray to overthrow the world nor a weapon for psychological warfare and control of the human mind; It is just a bigger and more powerful model of radiofrequency probes that anyone can easily get from electronics stores.
HAARP was set up to study the ionosphere, and despite its power, it is still fragile against the power of nature.
On the other hand, it should note that HAARP is just as dangerous or safe as those involved in the program expect. Research and development depend entirely on the intentions and goals of its research team and can be used for good and evil purposes. Therefore, all these programs need to be monitored by independent organizations to prevent their misuse.
One of HAARP’s problems in the early years of its launch was the lack of public access, which fueled conspiracy theories and skepticism. But when it hands over to the University of Alaska, public access to the facility became available. Most of the conspiracy theories about HAARP are based on insufficient scientific knowledge about how this research center works.
“The beauty of HAARP lies in its ability to turn the ionosphere into a plasma laboratory where we can control it,” said Mark Moldwin, a professor of space science at the University of Michigan.