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Now days the term of technology is a common word that every body apply it. at the moment the world changes is too fast and the technology has main role in that .

In this essay on technology, we are going to discuss what technology is, what are its uses, and also what technology can do First of all?technology refers to the use of technical and scientific knowledge to create, monitor, and design machinery. Also, technology helps in making other goods that aid mankind.

Essay on Technology – A Boon or Bane?

Experts are debating on this topic for years. Also, the technology covered a long way to make human life easier but the negative aspect of it can’t be ignored. Over the years technological advancement has caused a severe rise in pollution. Also, pollution has become a major cause of many health issues. Besides, it has cut off people from society rather than connecting them. Above all, it has taken away many jobs from the workers class.

Familiarity between Technology and Science

As they are completely different fields but they are interdependent on each other. Also, it is due to science contribution we can create new innovation and build new technological tools. Apart from that, the research conducted in laboratories contributes a lot to the development of technologies. On the other hand, technology extends the agenda of science.

Vital Part of our Life

Regularly evolving technology has become an important part of our lives. Also, newer technologies are taking the market by storm and the people are getting used to them in no time. Above all, technological advancement has led to the growth and development of nations.

 Aspects of Technology

Although technology is a good , everything has two sides. Technology also has two sides one is good and the other is bad. Here are some negative  and positive aspects of technology that we are going to discuss.

Advantages of technology

  • Lift saver

  • Communication made easy

  • Increased creativity

  • Aids in new discoveries

  • secured environment

  • Global knowledge access

  • Time saver

  • Ease of mobility

  • Cost efficient

  • entertainment and data storage

  1. Life Saver

First, the continuous evolution of technology is of utmost importance to humans as the development made in the field of medical science has enabled us to treat many health conditions including cancer and other chronic illness and has helped to save many lives.

  1. Communication Made life Easy

The invention of computers, mobile phones, and the Internet has turned out to be a boon for mankind and has made the process of two-way communication faster, simpler and effective.

Remember, how e-mails transformed the way we used to communicate officially or with our near and dear ones.

  1. Increased Productivity

The inventions of the latest technology and machinery have increased the overall production rate manifolds. Be it any industrial part or any other sector in the world; all have benefited immensely from technology advancements.

  1. Aids in New Discoveries

If observed closely, new things are discovered every day with the help of the latest technology and machinery. For instance, If electricity wasn’t discovered there would have been no further inventions of other electrical tools and so on.

  1. Secured Environment

Technological developments have led to the creation of a more secure environment for people. The process of banking and money management has become more authentic.  Today by just using a plastic or credit card we can avoid the risk of carrying cash with us in every part of the modern life.

Another good example is the invention of web, CCTV or Surveillance Cameras and how they have increased the level of security, visual information, and communication around the globe.

  1. Global Knowledge Access

The 21st century has been the era of science and technology, The World Wide Web has made the world a better connected as information from all over the globe is widely available on the internet.

You can get to read an e-book in the comfort of your bed written at any part of the world or can learn online from tutors or course providers across the sphere.

  1. Time Saver

Modern-day technology has enabled us to save both time and money. Things that took hours or even days to be done earlier can now be completed in matters of minutes or seconds. Sending an e-mail in place of a postal letter, industrial production, travel, banking, automation, etc. are some great examples of how technology has influenced our lives positively.

Now, no one has to wait in long queues for banking or paying their utility bills.

  1. Ease of Mobility

Ever imagined your life without a vehicle or even for that matter a Smartphone? Surely not; technology has made it so much easier and accessible for all of us.

  1. Cost-Efficient

The major benefit of ongoing advancement in the field of technology is that it has made every kind of product or service cost-effective by meeting the demands of people with either higher production or by services that have been made much simpler and accessible and the primary reason for this is the invention of computers and artificial intelligence.

A good example of technological advancements is that the invention of more cost-effective variant – The LED and same is with our televisions, the older CRT got replaced by flat-screen LCD’S and now we have LED and other televisions using far more advanced features and still companies are introducing new variants with unique technology.

  1. Entertainment and Data Storage

Whatever we see on the television nowadays; movies, cartoons, documentaries, special effects are all part of newer technology being introduced on the globe.


Disadvantages of technology

  • Pollution

  • Exhaustion of natural resources

  • Unemployment


With new technology the industrialization  increases which give birth to many pollution like air, water, soil, and noise. Also, they cause many health-related issues in animals, birds, and human beings.

Exhaustion of Natural Resources

New technology requires new resources for which the balance is disturbed. Eventually, this will lead to over-exploitation of natural resources which ultimately disturbs the balance of nature.


A single machine can replace many workers. Also, machines can do work at a constant pace for several hours or days without stopping. Due to this, many workers lost their job which ultimately increases unemployment.



Negative effects of technology on our health

  • Isolation

  • Depression

  • eyestrain

  • Poor posture

  • sleep problems

  • Reduced physical activity



Technologies, such as social media, are designed to bring people together, yet they may have the opposite effect in some cases.

A 2017 study in young adults aged 19–32 years found that people with higher social media use were more than three times as likely to feel socially isolated than those who did not use social media as often.

Finding ways to reduce social media use, such as setting time limits for social apps, may help reduce feelings of isolation in some people.

Depression and anxiety

The authors of a 2016 systematic review Trusted Source argued  the link between social networks and mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety.

Their research found mixed results. People who had more positive interactions and social support on these platforms appeared to have lower levels of depression and anxiety.

However, the reverse was also true. People who perceived that they had more negative social interactions online and who were more prone to social comparison experienced higher levels of depression and anxiety.


Technologies, such as handheld tablets, smartphones, and computers, can hold a person’s attention for long periods. This may lead to eyestrain.

Symptoms of digital eyestrain can include blurred vision and dry eyes. Eyestrain may also lead to pains in other areas of the body, such as the head, neck, or shoulders.

Several technological factors may lead to eyestrain, such as:

screen time,screen glare,screen brightness,viewing too close or too far away,poor sitting posture and underlying vision issues.

Poor posture

The way many people use mobile devices and computers may also contribute to incorrect posture. Over time, this may lead to musculoskeletal issues.

Many technologies promote a “down and forward” user position, meaning the person is hunched forward and looking down at the screen. This can put an unnecessary amount of pressure on the neck and spine.

Sleep problems

Using it too close to bedtime may cause issues with sleep. This effect has to do with the fact that blue light, such as the light from cell phones, e-readers, and computers, stimulates the brain.

Authors of a 2014 study found that this blue light is enough to disturb the body’s natural circadian rhythm. This disturbance could make it harder to fall asleep or lead to a person feeling less alert the next day.

To avoid the potential impact of blue light on the brain, people can stop using electronic devices that emit blue light in the hour or two before bedtime.

Reduced physical activity

Most everyday digital technologies are sedentary. More extended use of these technologies promotes a more sedentary lifestyle, which is known to have negative health effects, such as contributing to:

obesity ,cardiovascular disease,type 2 diabetes and premature death

Types of that

Generally, we judge it on the same scale but in reality, it is divided into various types. This includes information technology, industrial technology , architectural technology, creative technology and many more. Let’s discuss these technologies in brief.

  • Industrial

  • Creative

  • information

Industrial Technology

This technology organizes engineering and manufacturing technology for the manufacturing of machines. Also, this makes the production process easier and convenient.

Information Technology

This technology involves the use of telecommunication and computer to send, receive and store information. Internet is the best example of Information technology.

Today, everything we use in our daily life is a gift of technology and without which we cannot imagine our lives. Also, we cannot refuse the facts that it has caused severe damage to our surroundings.

So lets answer some questions about technology

What is Information technology?

  It is a shape of  that uses telecommunications and computer systems for study. Also, they send, retrieve, and store data.

Is technology harmful to humans?

 No, technology is not harmful to human beings until it is used properly. But, misuses of it can be harmful and deadly.