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What is Scrum?

What is Scrum? It may happen to you that you are once involved in a big project. It is turning it into smaller sections and dividing the tasks. In large software projects, the existence of coherent management methods and control of the situation by project managers can lead to many benefits, including reduced production costs, as well as better results. In this article, we will get acquainted with one of the software development methods, namely Scrum, which can be very useful for software companies. So join us to find out what Scrum is and how it helps us.

What is the methodology?

A methodology that some have translated as methodology is a set of steps that together allow us to develop and evaluate the system. A methodology includes techniques and methods that, in different situations, meet the needs of managers or developers to implement the system. In other words, methodology is a thinking for software implementation and development that consists of different frameworks.

What is Agile Methodology?

Agile methodology is very useful in the development of software systems. One of the most basic principles of this methodology is continuous communication with the customer, and this is why it is important to use it in today’s business. In this methodology, the software team tries to make the final product according to the customers and in each phase the results are tested and evaluated. Essays include four main steps: identifying customer needs, planning, implementing, testing, and delivering to the customer. Scrum is one of the main Agile style development strategies that we will get acquainted with in the following.

What is Scrum?

To know the most important advantage of using Scrum, we must first know this method well. Scrum is simply a management framework for software teams to implement large projects in the best possible way. It should be that some Scrum experts consider it a framework, while others refer to Scrum as a methodology. Here we introduce Scrum as one of the Agile methods and explain its structure.

Scrum has 3 basic principles that must be reviewed and agreed upon before starting the process:

  • Transparency: This means that all issues that may affect how the work is. listening and reviewing and controlling is in it.
  • Inspection: The various implementation steps should run continuously to resolve any problems quickly.
  • Adaptability: Aspects of the project may cause output problems and impair the final product. It is best to identify these obstacles immediately and re-plan to correct and implement them.

Scrum is an incremental method, which means that as the project progresses over time, so does the evolution of the project. Scrum includes different cycles that help reduce potential risks and excess costs by ensuring that the project is properly in each cycle. Thus, a large project is into smaller tasks, each part of which is a sprint.

Each sprint usually lasts 1 to 2 weeks in consultation with team members, in which the duties of each section or member of the team are specified. At the end of each sprint, all team members convene a meeting to review the results and then plan the next sprint.

What is the Scrum approach?

Scrum’s approach is generally that a meeting is first held with the participation of the development team managers and the project owners or clients. During this meeting, all systemic and non-systemic requirements, goals and all requirements that must be implemented must be discussed and agreed upon by the parties. Then the general part or phases of the project are determined and all these steps must be done in the presence of the customer. At this stage, the developers, in the presence of the customer, set intervals for the start of implementation, coordination and delivery of each part of the project. How each step is and output must be.

After this step, it is time to specify the sprints. Team members during meetings should specify the workload, time, and tasks of each member during a sprint. It is necessary to prepare a sprint document, which includes appointments to review and control the work, determine the details of the requirements, a written description of the duties of individuals and provide a report on the overall status of the progress of each sprint, etc. Usually at the end of the sprint, team members report to ScrumMaster on performance and progress to prevent potential problems in the future.

The time allotted for a sprint may expire, but there are still problems. In this situation, the team controls the situation by holding meetings. It can consider another sprint to complete the tasks by examining the problems. The process of determining sprints takes as long as the software product is ready for delivery.

Familiarity with some concepts and maps in Scrum

Product Backlog 

A product document is a document that contains information, a description of the goals and requirements of the project that must be carefully at the beginning of the scrum process under the supervision of the product owner and developers.

Sprint Backlog

A sprint document is a document that contains the details of each sprint. The people involved, and the role of each person at the same stage of the project.


The progress of each sprint and the overall process of the scrum process is Scrum Master job.

Scrum Board

A physical board is at the team’s location to let people know what stage the work is at and announce the completion of their tasks. Of course, today this is through management software such as Trello.

Product Owner

Product owners or project stakeholders are those who negotiate with the software team and propose a product. Project managers need to communicate regularly with product owners.

Scrum Master

The scrum specialist is responsible for monitoring and controlling the scrum process. Checking the output of each sprint, submitting written reports to the sessions, and flexing the process according to the circumstances are the duties of a scrum master.

Software Team Members

Software team members are the people who do the project. In meetings with project managers, meetings with all members need to be monthly or weekly.


In reviewing the status of the sprint the people involved in the project is in the success of a team. It is also best to document everything in writing and make it available to product owners and managers. In addition to making people aware, this helps them to master all the steps of the job.