One Of The Most Important Secrets Of Success Of Any Company And Organization Is The Existence Of A Strategy Or Strategy.
Strategy means setting goals and planning to achieve goals. In other words, the process is a long-term plan defined to achieve a long-term pursuit.
The most recent definition of the word strategy is as follows:
Strategy is the development of technology and the use of economic, cultural, and technological power to provide maximum support for organizational policies and increase the likelihood of achieving the desired results for maximum productivity and minimum failure.
When an organization’s strengths and plans are used to achieve specific goals, it is called “strategy.”
Similarly, a strategy definition can provide for the managerial, operational, and economic dimensions.
The common denominator of an organization’s various processes is that all procedures are prone to failure. All methods fail, and these failures cause a re-waste of costs and workforce.
Today, organizations have different strategies based on which they can carry out daily economic activities. One of these successful strategies is Six Sigma. Six Sigma defines metrics that indicate the extent of a process failure, compares the performance status of different processes, and helps the organization decide where resources should concentrate for better performance.
Six Sigma is an organizational transformation strategy that develops and expands managerial, statistical, and problem-solving methods and enables a company to move forward more rapidly. The first company to take this step was Motorola, which introduced the idea of Six Sigma in the early 1980s. Almost a decade later, Elid Signal implemented it, and General Electric made it glorious.
Six Sigma is a disciplined approach, motivational data, and a way to eliminate flaws in every process and product. Six Sigma strategies are based on six steps: the definition phase, the measurement phase, the analysis phase, the recovery phase, and the control phase. This process covers from production to sales.
Six Sigma versus other organizational strategies
Processes that operate globally and statistical analyses performed on fundamental techniques at the Six Sigma level better estimate customer needs. Five Sigma processes do not meet customer needs, and seven Sigma processes do not add much value; Therefore, Six Sigma has been selected. The number 4.3 rejected in one million failure opportunities is close to zero failure, yet it is achievable and can be an actual goal.
For the mentioned plan to be implemented in the best way, it is necessary for all the people of an organization to participate in its implementation and use it, regardless of the organizational position. Contrary to many people’s beliefs, Six SigmaIntroduce a set of secrets and skill codes that are only accessible to highly educated people; six Sigma is understandable to all members of the organization.
In such a way, everyone will acquire unique skills at the end of its implementation in an organization. Six Sigma is a system that includes a set of continuous improvement techniques and tools to focus on processes, analyze and compare them, and allocate resources to processes that require more attention.
The Six Sigma Principles
Six Sigma strategy is used to reduce fluctuations and changes, reduce defects, improve process efficiency, increase customer satisfaction, reduce costs, improve quality, create a systematic way to solve problems, strengthen the organization’s competitive strength and reduce the time cycle (timely delivery).
Sigma seeks to instill this concept in people who have a more valuable and efficient function. The Six Sigma method has three main components for achieving better effectiveness and efficiency. The first component is the Six Sigma strategy.
This strategic component is the responsibility of the CEO. The second component of Six Sigma is related to measures that show how project teams work to improve a part-time process. This component uses a methodology similar to the scientific method you learned in school. The scientific method is concerned with defining and explaining a problem, analyzing its root causes, and testing improvement theories.
It is the method used to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of Six Sigma. Another critical component of Six Sigma, Is cultural issues that you can use in your organization to turn Six Sigma into something more than a set of measures and methods.
Six Sigma methods
The primary goal of the Six Sigma method is to implement a strategy based on performance measurement. Six Sigma tries to reduce process fluctuations and improve them by implementing improvement projects. It is done using two sub-methods in Six Sigma, DMAIC, and DMADV. The DMAIC process is an improvement system for improving processes outside the performance specifications required by the customer or the organization’s senior management.
The DMADV process is an improvement system for creating new processes or products whose quality level we want to be six Sigma. Of course, this method can still be used when the performance of the existing process can not improve beyond the current level. Besides the two mentioned methods, Six SigmaIt also uses other tools and techniques, the most widely used of which is quality performance enhancement (qfd). The QFD model is a design approach introduced in 1996 by Akai in Japan. First used This approach at Mitsubishi Shipyard in 1972.
QFD can be defined as a machine that translates “customer requirements” into “technical specifications” or, in other words, converts customer demands into quality features and prepares a quality plan for the final product by systematically expanding the relationship between customer requests and product quality features. It was then introduced to the United States in 1983 and is now used in many countries.
This process typically begins with the quality of the functional components and then expands to the quality of all parts and functions.
QFD is one of the quality planning tools. The QFD technique has been developed to deliver products and services to the customer more effectively and efficiently. In fact, by using this method, the customer’s voice is heard throughout the production chain. QFD is a TQM design tool and a systematic process for creating a customer focus. It is also a way for organizations to produce competitive products in less time and at less cost.