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What is Python and what are its features?

What is Python: There are so many programming languages today, and each has different uses. Each of these languages has its advantages and disadvantages. One of the most popular programming languages among Python programmers is its growing popularity. This programming language is for doing many things, including artificial intelligence programming, web development, building mobile and desktop applications.

What is the Python programming language?

The first and most important feature of this language is its “simplicity and ease”. This feature makes it training one of the best options for those who want to learn programming for the first time. You can learn it very quickly and start coding quickly. But make no mistake, the simplicity of Python does not mean that it is weak, but python is an interpreter, multi-purpose, high-level programming language that fully supports object-oriented and structured programming.

This programming language is wide in the world and it does not matter if your goal is to create web applications and desktop programming or even artificial intelligence programming and machine learning, this language is the best way to do it all. They will come out and it can be bold that it will not leave you alone in other areas of programming. To understand what are the most important features of Python that make it such a powerful language, you need to know its structure.

What are the features of Python programming language?

Python is a powerful and flexible language with a very regular structure and very easy coding. This programming language has a lot of focus on code readability, so that anyone can easily read and communicate with the code of this language. As mentioned, Python supports a variety of programming methods such as process, function, and of course object-oriented. This has led them to open accounts for large and sensitive Python projects.

The interpretability of this language means that the Python codes are in line by line by the interpreter. There is a Python interpreter for different operating systems. The task of this interpreter is to translate Python code into machine language and then execute them. Many Linux distributions have Python and its interpreter by default, and you can start coding on this operating system without having to do anything. The installation file of the Windows version and the Mac OS exist on the Python site.

Each new software or tool that is uses a license to publish. These permissions define the nature of the program and show others how to use the software. For example, free software guarantees four levels of freedom to the programmer, and the GPL license covers these four levels. The 4 levels of freedom that free software must follow are:

  • Use the software for any purpose.
  • Users can change the software and access the program source code.
  • Users can republish a copy of the software.
  • Other users can edit and republish republished versions.

Python is released under its own license called PSFL or Python Software Foundation License. This license is very similar to the GPL license, but in the fourth paragraph it is less strict for republishing software. For this reason, developers have easily designed many libraries for this language, and thanks to them, Python has famous libraries that have played an important role in its development. It was libraries that made Python more popular and opened the language to areas such as web design, application design, artificial intelligence, and data mining.

History of Python Language How did it come into being and how did it grow?

Now that you know what Python is, let’s take a brief look at its history. It is originally Dutch and dates back to 1990. Before creating Python, Mr. Guido van Rossum worked on the ABC project, a grammatical and all-purpose programming language. Python was, in fact, an attempt by Rossum to improve the ABC language and address some of its weaknesses.

The first version of Python was introduced in 1990. A year later, in 1991, important concepts such as Class, List, and String came in Python. Also among the most important features that were in this language this year are Lambda, map and Filter support. All of this went hand in hand to make Functional Programming easier in Python.

In the year 2000, a great change took place for the Python language. This year, Python 2 came. The most important change we saw in this version was Unicode support. Unicode uses 16 bits to display characters. If ASCII code works with 8 bits. After this change, Python could support up to 65,536 characters.

Although Python 2 was good, it still needed a series of changes and improvements. In 2008, Python 3 came to solve common problems in the previous version and eliminate old programming methods. After this version, the Python workers were in two groups. Developers who are fluent in Python 2 and developers who work with Python 3. Since 2008, many IT companies have moved their infrastructure to Python 3, and other companies are migrating to this version.


In this article, we looked at what Python is and what it does. If you are looking for a simple yet powerful programming language, we suggest you learn and learn Python. You can learn the rules of programming in this language in a short period of time and then enter a special field, such as the web.