Handicrafts In Iran

What Are The Best Handicrafts In Iran?

Iranian Handicrafts Are Signs Of The Culture And Identity Of The People Of Our Land. These Works Have Their Roots In Iranian Civilization And Date Back To Ancient Iran.

Iranian handicrafts constitute a significant part of traditional markets in different cities of our country. The handicrafts of any country can be considered a reflection of the civilization and culture of the people of that country. Handicrafts have been one of the first tools of human interaction with each other in different societies and therefore provide significant information about the history of different countries of the world.

Iranian handicrafts have a significant share of our country’s exports. Iranian carpet is one of the most popular handicrafts in the world, which also has a high price. Due to the employment of villagers, nomads, and residents of small towns in this industry, it can be concluded that with proper investment in Iranian handicrafts, the economic infrastructure of society will be strengthened.

Iranian handicrafts are the most beautiful works of artist masters in various fields. If you are interested in getting acquainted with Iranian arts and crafts, join us below. In this article, we will fully introduce Iranian handicrafts and provide interesting information about the works of art of different cities.

Everything you want to know about Iranian handicrafts:

Familiarity with Iranian handicrafts

Unknown photo source

Iran, with a strong history in culture and civilization, has artistic relics from past centuries. Today, our country is known in the world as one of the most prominent exporters of works of art and handicrafts. Iranian handicrafts are among the most valuable works of art in our country and are a manifestation of the culture of Iran’s national ethnic groups. The discovery of ancient man-made works of art in the historical monuments around our country indicates the close connection between art and handicrafts with the civilization of this land.

In Iranian historical monuments, signs of art by architects, painters, and engineers can be seen in tombs, mosques, palaces, and historical buildings. Each of these works, with prominent signs from different historical periods, shows a part of the identity and culture of the people of their time and era.

Iranian handicrafts are works of art made by our country’s craftsmen and show a part of Iranian culture and identity.

In the general definition, the combination of hand art and the use of local and traditional tools in creating a work is called handicrafts. The artistic taste and creativity of the craftsman have a great impact on the creation of works of art and handicrafts. The handicrafts of each region of Iran are unique; Although there are common industries in some cities, the fabric of each work can be seen as signs of the deep-rooted culture of a city or village. The most basic element in making handicrafts is the art of human hands, and this doubles the value of these works.

Iranian handicrafts, as an indigenous and traditional art of the people of our country, have an effective role in strengthening the economic situation of different regions of the country. At present, Iranian handicrafts are considered as one of the top three poles of handicrafts in the world, and proper investment along with careful planning in the production and introduction of more and more of these works in the world can bring high income at the national level.

In general, handicrafts can be divided into three categories: artistic, artistic-consumer, and consumer handicrafts. These industries are different from factory products due to the subtleties of manual design. One of the most important features of handicrafts is the use of raw materials made in the country. The added value of these products is very high due to the initial investment and it is possible to expand this industry in deprived and rural areas. The extent of the industry’s damage to the environment is also negligible compared to the destructive effects of modern and machine industries.

During the last two years, ie from the winter of 1399 until now, the outbreak of the Coronavirus in the world has caused irreparable damage to Iranian handicrafts. Obviously, with the boom in tourism and the increase in tourist attraction in Iran, handicrafts will also generate more revenue and prosperity. The 10th of June, equal to the 20th of Khordad in Iran, has been named the International Day of Handicrafts.

Variety of Iranian handicrafts

Iranian handcraftThere is a great variety in different parts of the country. Each of the cities and villages of Iran produces different handicrafts according to the climate and facilities of each region. Over the years, the variety of Iranian handicrafts has increased and has moved away from its first category, but many works produced by Iranian artists fall into the following categories.

Textile and textile crafts

Unknown photo source

Traditional weaving and textile are among the oldest handicrafts in Iran. This industry was formed to meet the human need for clothing and some daily necessities and was divided into different branches. Today, the traditional textile and textile industry can be considered one of the most diverse handicrafts in Iran. In different provinces of our country, weaving different types of carpets and kilims and different types of traditional textiles are common, which are among the most famous handicrafts of these regions. Some of the sub-sectors of this industry are Gabbeh weaving, Jajim weaving, silk weaving, night weaving, velvet weaving, curtain weaving, khos weaving, ribbon weaving, shamed weaving, and chafeeh weaving.

Traditional embroidery

Photo source: Kohan Pars site, unknown photographer

Ruduzi art was formed due to human interest in decorating clothes and various items such as tablecloths and various types of bedspreads. Rudozi art is also a common handicraft in different parts of Iran and is done in different cities with various tools. The most famous branches of embroidery are needlework, tapestry embroidery, Pete embroidery, and crochet embroidery.

Embroidered handicrafts also include embroidered pieces inside the fabric. Needlework is done on plain fabrics, the tapestry is embroidered on traditional fabrics such as cashmere, and to decorate the shrine, patellar embroidery is done on thick fabrics, and crochet is often done on mahouts fabrics. In the past, the use of gold and silver in tapestry embroidery and silk thread in embroidery was common. Other subsets of Rudozi handicrafts include cream embroidery, spring embroidery, star embroidery, Clapton embroidery, black embroidery, and velvet embroidery. This art has many sub-branches, each of which is related to different cities.

Metal handicrafts

Photo source: Isfahan handicrafts site

The discovery of metal in ancient times attracted human attention to this raw material to make the necessities of life, and its use in the preparation of various utensils and everyday tools became common due to the high strength of this material. Among the relics left from the time of ancient Iran, there are many examples of various metal tools. For this reason, metal handicrafts can be traced back to ancient Iran.

Today, metal handicrafts, especially its expensive types such as silverware and copper stamping, are among the most popular handicrafts in Iran. Artisans create unique works using special tools and hours spent carving and shaping all kinds of metals. The most famous branches of metal handicrafts are the arts of carpentry, engraving, engraving, goldsmithing, gilding, silversmithing, copper carving, casting, ornamentation, weapon making, and marking.

Enamel crafts

Photo source: Moj News Agency, unknown photographer

Enamel handicrafts are one of the most beautiful decorative utensils that are very difficult to make. Enamel works of art are among the most expensive handicrafts in Iran, which are made by the most skilled craftsmen. This art is more than 5000 years old. Enamel artists create beautiful works by combining matte colors and working with tiles and metal. The sub-categories of the enameling industry include embroidery, lattice, painting enamel, and blue enamel, and embossed enameling is the most difficult field of this art.

Pottery crafts

Photo source: sofalinc site, unknown photographer

Pottery is one of the most popular handicrafts in Iran among tourists and has a long history. In every region of Iran, due to access to the soil element, pottery making has been common since ancient times. In different historical periods, humans mixed pottery with water and soil and made pottery, and over time, clay replaced ordinary soil. The most prominent historical pottery is the jars and bowls found in ancient buildings.

Pottery is divided into two categories: unglazed and glazed. There are museums in different cities of Iran called the Pottery Museum, where you can see all kinds of historical pottery. Hand pottery, wheel pottery, and pottery are subsets of the art of pottery.

Glass crafts

Photo source: Mehr News Agency, unknown photographer

Glass handicrafts are one of the most beautiful works of art in Iran. Historical glassware discovered in different parts of Iran shows the high antiquity of these handicrafts. You can see the most beautiful glass works made by Iranian craftsmen in the Glass Museum on 30 Tir Street, Tehran. The sub-categories of glass art include molded glass, foot glass, triple glazing, double glazing, glass cutting, glazing, and frosting. Beautiful handicrafts are also made by combining this art with the art of pottery and metal handicrafts by Iranian craftsmen.

wooden handicrafts

Photo source: Radio and Television News Agency, unknown photographer

Wooden handicrafts are one of the most beautiful Iranian works of art that have been made in Iran for many years. These industries are very large and many artists work in them. Different cities of Iran have various wooden handicrafts, among which we can mention carpentry, mosaic making, inlay work, inlay work, and lattice. Handicrafts made by wood craftsmen have many uses in everyday life. One of the most popular wooden works and handicrafts is inlaid works.

Stone crafts

Photographer and photo source: Mohsen Rahimi Anbaran from the Young Journalists Club

Stone carving and engraving on it is one of the first Iranian handicrafts; Of course, ancient stone objects in different parts of the world show the antiquity of this art all over the world. Stone handicrafts have changed a lot over time, and with the discovery of beautiful and decorative stones around the world, stone carving and making ornaments also became popular. The main sub-branches of these industries are stone mosaic, turquoise, stone engraving, stone lattice, and stone carving. Stoneworks of art are among the most enduring handicrafts.

Painting crafts

Photo source: Handicrafts site

Iranian painting handicrafts are very famous in the world. These works are in the category of visual arts and are considered one of the most beautiful works and handicrafts of our country. The diversity of these industries is also high, and various examples of Iranian artists’ paintings can be seen in the works of gilding, glorification, flowers and chickens, and coffee house paintings. Painting is the basis and prerequisite of many other handicrafts. You can see prominent examples of Iranian paintings in the Reza Abbasi Museum in Tehran.

Traditional printing crafts

Photo source: Photoshop Homesite, photographer unknown

In the past, two types of printing were used traditionally. Printing on paper and printing on the fabric where different branches of traditional printing. These industries were originally built to decorate cloth and paper, but over time found their place in the facade architecture of mosques and monuments. Patterned tiles in historical mosques of Iran such as Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque are among the most beautiful examples of traditional printing. Different types of engraving and hat embroidery are also considered subsets of traditional Iranian printing.

Mat handicrafts

Unknown photo source

Mat weaving is another old handicraft of Iran that is still popular in the southern and northern regions of our country. Today, a variety of wicker handicrafts are used as souvenirs. Although the mat weaving industry can be considered as one of the sub-branches of wooden handicrafts, the breadth of this branch and its high position in the handicraft market have made it a separate branch in this industry.

To make wicker works in different parts of the country, they use palm leaves, wheat stalks, reeds, and all kinds of twigs. Wicker tools are widely used in people’s daily lives, especially in areas with high humidity. Tasteful artists produce a variety of works by painting the mat and combining it with colored yarns. Sub-categories of mat weaving art include rug weaving, pearl weaving, bomb weaving, and basket weaving.

Felt handicrafts

Photo Source: Online Economy, Unknown Photographer

Felt is one of the most original Iranian occupations and its products are an example of Iranian handicrafts. Felt products are used to produce a variety of carpets, rugs, blankets, and other consumables. The Felt is made from fleece and various colors are created by dyeing and pounding it. In this art, felt is kneaded using hot water, and felt is used for handicrafts. Felt weavers work hard to produce a variety of underlays and felt weaving is one of the most difficult branches of handicraft making.

Leather crafts

Photo source: Iran Antique site, unknown photographer

Leather making is one of the most original handicrafts of the nomadic people and herdsmen of Iran. Cold weather in livestock and nomadic areas has led to the production of these products. Over time, handmade furs attracted the attention of tourists, and their manufacture became popular among nomads for sale to travelers. The skins are made from the skins of lambs and sheep and in Turkmen they are called “Ochmak”.

Leather crafts

Photo source: ILNA News Agency, unknown photographer

Leather products are one of the most popular handicrafts in Iran. Of course, leather handicrafts are produced in different parts of the world and can be said to be one of the most important export handicrafts in the whole world. The leather industry is a handicraft dependent on animal products, and handmade leather works are among the most expensive handicrafts on the market. The variety of leather artwork is high and includes different types of clothing, bags, shoes, and decorative items. The most important sub-categories of leather handicrafts include traditional leather binding, traditional saddlery, leather stitching, leather mosaic, leather painting, saddle making, and engraving on leather.

Traditional crafts of dyeing and dyeing

Unknown photo source

The art of traditional dyeing and dyeing emerged after the expansion of the weaving industry. The reason for the formation of these handicrafts was the human desire for high color diversity in the production of various types of knitwear such as carpets and clothing. In traditional dyeing, plants produced natural dyes using natural pigments and combining them. The most important plants that can be used in this branch are rosemary, pomegranate, onion, and mountain oil. In the traditional dyeing method, larvae of different insects were also used.

Over time, as painters became more skilled at making a variety of colors, they used this art in architecture, woodwork, weaving, and the paper industry. Traditional dyeing industries are still widely used today due to their natural nature.

Traditional clothing crafts

Photo source: Virtual Museum of Spiritual Heritage

From time immemorial, Iranian women in all parts of Iran have had a significant share in the production of various handicrafts. Rural, nomadic and local women in different parts of Iran have produced their own types of traditional clothing with signs of ethnic culture. Over time, these garments have found their place in the market and among tourists. Although this branch of handicrafts can be considered as a subset of industries such as weaving and leather, the high importance of traditional clothing products raises the status of these products. Traditional clothing includes a wide range of ethnic clothing, overcoats, traditional footwear such as charge, Chemosh, klash, giwa, and other types of fabrics.

Other Iranian handicrafts

Photo source: Rah-e Dana, unknown photographer

Over the years, with the development of industry and the manufacture of new tools, various handicrafts have emerged that are less ancient than the ancient handicrafts in Iran. Among these handicrafts, we can mention paper-related industries. Branches such as bookmaking, bookbinding, cover-making, paper-making, and traditional paper-making belong to these industries.

Marine handicrafts originated in coastal areas and cities with access to the sea, and today many artists create beautiful handicrafts by carving oysters and painting them. Painting and engraving on bones are also considered as other handicrafts of Iran and other parts of the world. Architecture is one of the most beautiful and original branches of art in Iran, and artistic craftsmen have created unique works by combining them with other handicrafts. Artistic handicrafts such as Mogharnas, plastering, mirror work, traditional mural painting, brickwork, and plastering are examples of the combination of architecture and handicrafts in Iran. Making traditional Iranian musical instruments is one of the most prominent handicrafts in Iran.

Types of Iranian handicrafts

Photo source: ISNA News Agency, unknown photographer

Knitting handicrafts in Iran have been one of the most important handicrafts for many years, which have played an important role in boosting exports and introducing the works of Iranian artists to the whole world. Baft handicrafts can be named the most famous handicrafts in Iran. In general, all kinds of knitting handicrafts in Iran are divided into two categories: weaving and textile industries.

You have woven handicrafts

Photo source: Pernon site, unknown photographer

Woven fabrics are a group of handicrafts that are woven on top. The beams are made by connecting wooden beams in a rectangular and square shape and the fabric of the desired texture is mounted on it. The most famous weaving in Iran is the Iranian carpet, which is world-famous. Iranian carpets or rugs are considered to be the most famous underlay in Iran, which is woven with different types of wool, silk, silk flowers, or a combination of yarns.

Photo source: Mehr News Agency, unknown photographer

Iranian carpets are unique in the world and each city of our country, unique patterns are used in carpet weaving; For this reason, many carpet artisans can identify the texture area of ​​each carpet from the appearance of the carpet. The most important cities of carpet weaving in Iran are Tabriz, Kashan, Mashhad, Kerman, and Nain. These cities export more than 30% of the world’s handmade carpets.

From different types of weaving kilims in Iran, we can name double or plain-woven kilims, one-sided or embossed kilims, and simple or varnished kilims. Other weaves include Gabbeh and Zillow.

Textile crafts

Traditional textile or hand weaving industries are other handicrafts in the world that Iranians have been pioneers of. Traditional handmade fabrics are divided into two general categories. The first category is valuable and expensive fabrics from fibers such as silk and gold. Types of these fabrics include gold, velvet, cashmere, silk, and shawls. The second category includes abaya, Burk, canvas, mottaqal, shamed, curtains, and night tents, which have a lower price.

The best-selling handicrafts in Iran

Photo source: Zarifa store site

Iranian carpet is the best-selling handicraft product in our country. Carpets from different parts of the country have their fans and Iranian handmade carpets still have a good domestic market. Other best-selling handicrafts in the country include wooden handicrafts. Furniture, bedding, and many other home appliances are made of wood and the art of woodcarving is one of the most popular arts among Iranians.

Other popular handicrafts in the Iranian market are copper and glassware. A significant part of the sales of the traditional markets of Isfahan and Shiraz belong to copper handicrafts. Ceramic and pottery artifacts are also popular with tourists, and many travelers buy these handicrafts as souvenirs. Different types of mosaics, pottery, handmade jewelry, crochet, and kohl embroidery are also among the best-selling handicrafts in different cities of Iran.

The most popular export handicrafts of Iran

Photo Source: Online Economy, Unknown Photographer

Iran is one of the most active countries in this field with 370 of the 600 known handicrafts in the world. Iranian handicrafts are exported to Iraq, Turkey, UAE, China, South Korea, Indonesia, and Afghanistan, and Iranian carpets are one of the most important exports of our country to Europe.

Other popular Iranian products and handicrafts in the world include copper, pottery, felt, engraving and enameling. Although handicraft exports have grown significantly over the years, the field is ready for the expansion of Iranian handicrafts and requires more careful investment and planning. In 2017, Iranian handicrafts were ranked second in exports and first in non-oil exports. Among the different provinces of our country, Isfahan province is a leader in handicraft exports.

Iranian handicraft stores

Photo source: ISNA News Agency, unknown photographer

During different years, various handicraft festivals have been held in different cities of our country. The purpose of holding handicraft festivals and exhibitions is to expand the trade of these industries and their cultural value to them. In addition to the annual events in different cities of Iran in the field of handicrafts, handicraft shops in different cities operate professionally. In these stores, the most famous works and handicrafts of each city are exposed to the public, and tourists and those who are interested in works of art buy from these stores.

Some Iranian works and handicrafts have been registered in the list of world works. The names of the cities producing these works are also included in these lists. Handicraft shops in these cities offer outstanding examples of handicrafts for sale to tourists and travelers.

There are also handicraft shops in other cities. These stores are more concentrated near the historical attractions and museums of different cities. Shopping malls, especially the traditional markets of different cities in Iran, are also suitable places to buy a variety of Iranian handicrafts.

Cities and villages registered in the World List of Handicrafts

Photo source: Mehr News Agency, unknown photographer

Iran tops the list of registered handicrafts in the world with 11 cities and three villages. The World Council of Handicrafts operates under the auspices of UNESCO, and various countries send their files to the council to register their works and handicrafts. The names of Iranian cities and villages between 2015 and 2020 were registered in this council.

Isfahan is the first registered city of Iran in the list of world handicrafts with more than 130 arts. The most skilled masters of Iranian handicrafts were born in this city. The city of Mashhad joined this list after Isfahan in 2016. The works of art made with decorative stones are the most famous handicrafts of Mashhad.

Photo source: IRNA news agency, unknown photographer

Shiraz is one of the most historic cities in Iran, which in 2009 was registered in the list of world cities of handicrafts. Various handicrafts in this city are made by craftsmen, the most famous of which are mosaics, inlays, inlays, and quilts. The name of Malayer city was registered in the world list of handicrafts at the same time as Shiraz. The most prominent handicrafts in Malayer are furniture and all kinds of inlaid works.

The names of 11 cities and three villages in Iran are at the top of the list of countries producing handicrafts in the world

Tabriz is known in the world as the cradle of Iranian carpets. Tabriz carpet is one of the most exquisite and expensive handicrafts in the world. The name of Zanjan city was included in the world list of handicrafts in 2009. The most prominent handicrafts in this city are traditional knife making and tapestry making.

Other cities in Iran in this list are Lalejin Hamedan as the World City of Pottery, Abadeh in Fars Province as the World City of Inlaid, Meybod Yazd as the World City of Zillow, Marivan Kurdistan as the World City of Kalash or Giveh and Sirjan in Kerman as the World City of Glim. are.

 Photographer and photo source: Kimia Nik from ISNA news agency

Kharashad village in South Khorasan province and 24 km east of Birjand is known in the world as the global village of Tubafi. The art of traditional weaving or cloth weaving in this village is more than 300 years old. Another village in Iran in the World List of Handicrafts is Ghasem Abad village in Mazandaran province. This area is called the world village of night weaving tents. Kalpurgan village is located 26 km from Saravan in Sistan and Baluchestan province and has been called the World Pottery Village. There is a living museum of Iranian pottery in this village and tourists can see different parts of pottery making.

In this article, we introduced Iranian handicrafts and pointed to the works of art of different cities and the most popular handicrafts in our country.

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