Familiarity with names in English grammar
A name in English is a characteristic and address of a person, object, animal or place. The role of the adjective in the sentence is to describe and describe the noun.
In fact, the adjective gives more information about the person, place, object and animal. An adjective can be a single word, such as exciting and amusing, or a compound word, such as self-centered and hard-working.
Converting nouns to adjectives in English, like Persian, is possible by adding specific suffixes to the end of the word.
You can easily expand your vocabulary by learning adjective suffixes in English . In this memo, in addition to examining adjective suffixes, the nominative suffixes in English are introduced , as well as how to convert adjectives and verbs into nouns.
In addition, several examples have been used in each section for better understanding.
Extensions in English
Before examining how to turn a noun into an adjective, it is better to understand the suffix in this language. In English, many suffixes have been used to create a rich vocabulary.
Suffixes change the meaning or grammatical function of the base word. For example, with the help of the suffixes -er and -est and adding it to the end of the adjective, comparative and excellent adjectives can be created. Furthermore, -er can be added to the read verb to make it a reader.
Extensions add variety to the English language. They provide endless ways to express our feelings, findings, and emotions. They help us to turn nouns into adjectives, verbs into nouns, and adjectives into nouns.
Remember that sometimes adding a suffix to a word can change the spelling of that word. For example, create is written creatively after the extension is added. In addition, in most cases, words that end in y and are preceded by a consonant (such as beauty) become i (beautiful) after the suffix y is added.
In addition, understanding the meaning of common English suffixes can be effective in learning the meaning of the new words you encounter. Remember that you cannot add any suffix to any noun when converting it to a noun. Also note that an extension may have more than one meaning.
Convert nouns to adjectives in English
There are no general rules for constructing an adjective in English. However, in order to convert nouns into adjectives, we can use adjective suffixes in English . In fact, the easiest way is to add a suffix to the root end of the word. The most common adjective suffixes are:
-ly, -able, -al, -ous, -ary, -ful, -ic, -ish, -less, -like, -y
Although some suffixes only turn nouns into adjectives, some adjective suffixes in English indicate a special meaning and property. For example, the extensions able and ible are commonly used to express ability. The suffix less is added to the end of a noun to indicate nothing.
Hope + less = Hopeless
Take Danger, Health, and Fashion, for example. With the help of -ous, y- and -able extensions, they can be easily converted to Dangerous, Healthy and Fashionable attributes. Consider the following example:
Those who have health are considered healthy , while those who follow fashion are thought of as fashionable.
To better understand this issue, pay attention to the following sentence.
The lady enjoys magic ; however, she is not very magical herself.
In this sentence, the name Magic has become a Magical adjective after adding the adjective suffix al to the end.
Sometimes when converting a noun to an adjective if its root ends in y, e or t you will have to make minor changes. For example, if your name is offense, its adjective is offensive. In fact, we first removed e from the root end of the noun and then converted it to an adjective by adding the -ive suffix.
Practice how to convert an adjective into a noun
Before presenting the exercise, it is better to point out that the suffixes -ic and -ical usually have different meanings. Note the following two sentences:
The economic policy of this government has failed.
A diesel car is usually more economical than a petrol one.
In order to practice, two questions are considered. First, in question 1 of the three groups of written words, identify the adjective. Question 2 also gives some nouns that you should turn into adjectives.
inventive, invent, invented
curiosity, curious, curiously
proliferate, prolific, proud
smell, chill, width, poison, mystery, power, life
The answers to both questions are given at the end of the note and you can compare your answers with them.
Convert verbs and adjectives into nouns in English
As you can see, like Persian, nouns are converted to adjectives with the help of suffixes. Similarly, we can use noun-making suffixes in English to convert an adjective into a noun or a verb into a noun in English. For example, pay attention to the adjective happy and run. With the help of extensions we can turn them into happiness and runner names.
Convert adjectives to nouns in English
The suffixes -ness and -ity can be used to convert an adjective to a noun. We mostly use the -ness suffix to convert attributes that end in the letters y and d. Do not forget that after converting these adjectives, the spelling at the end of the word becomes -iness. Consider the following examples:
Eating too much cake was a major weakness of his.
The closure of the post office brought sadness to the community.
It is important to create happiness for everyone.
Your children are not my responsibility .
Convert verb to noun in English
The suffixes -tion and -sion can be used to convert a verb into a noun in English. Keep in mind that these nominative suffixes in English can change the spelling of a word. To better understand this, consider converting the two verbs inform and admit to nouns in the following sentences:
There is enough information about foxes in our area.
The criminal’s admission of guilt got him in trouble.
In addition, the suffixes -ance, -ence and -ment can be used to convert adjectives and verbs into nouns. These extensions are mostly used when dealing with attributes ending in -ent and -ant. Normally the -ment suffix does not change the spelling of the word.
Having a car has improved my independence . (independent)
Never underestimate the importance of studying. (important)
The home team put up a strong resistance against their opponents. (resist)
The final essay was a very big assignment . (assign)
Don’t let the rain affect your enjoyment of this walk. (enjoy)
Answer to question 1:
Answer to question 2:
smelly, chilly, wide, poison, mysterious, powerful / powerless, lifelike / lifeless