Introversion is a personality trait; People with such personality traits focus on their inner feelings, not external sources and stimuli.
Introversion and extroversion are commonly known as two completely opposite terms; But in reality, these two terms make up two sides of the spectrum that most people are usually in the middle of.
Follow us to know the 8 personality traits of introverts.
Although introverts are estimated to make up 25 to 40 percent of the world’s population, there are still many misconceptions about this personality style . You should also note that introversion is different from phenomena such as social anxiety or shyness. Being introverted does not mean that you are socially anxious or shy.
What is introversion?
Introversion is one of the main personality traits that has been mentioned in many theories related to human personality.
Introverts usually tend to their inner world, or often focus on their inner thoughts, feelings, and spirits instead of looking for external stimuli.
Introversion is generally identified with extroversion as two parts of a spectrum. Introversion is on one side of the spectrum, and extroversion is on the other.
The terms introversion and extroversion were popularized by the works of the famous psychiatrist Carl Jung , and later became a central part of other prominent theories of psychology, such as the theory of the Big Five Personality Factors . Also, the introversion-extroversion dimension is one of the four areas identified by the Myers-Briggs Personality Test (MBTI).
According to many personality theories, all people have degrees of introversion and extroversion. However, people tend to tend to one end of the spectrum.
Introverts are usually quieter, less talkative, and more introverted. Introverts, unlike extroverts who draw their energy from social interactions, must expend energy in social situations. These people usually need energy recovery after attending a party or being in a large crowd; They regain their lost energy by spending time in their lonely world.
In order to understand why some people are introverted and others extroverted, it is important to understand the role that your body physiology plays in this. How your body reacts to the outside environment plays an important role in determining your level of extroversion and introversion.
At a physiological level, a network of nerve cells or neurons in the brainstem called the network activating system (RAS) is responsible for regulating the body’s levels of stimulation, such as consciousness or the transition between sleep and wakefulness.
This system also plays a role in controlling the amount of information received during the waking time. This system raises the level of stimulation of your body in the face of potential threats to the environment to increase your level of awareness and preparedness to deal with danger. Each person has a set point in terms of the level of stimulation. Some people naturally have a much higher set point; While other people may have a lower set point.
According to a psychologist named Hans Eisenhower , these levels of stimulation can be considered as a spectrum.
According to the psychologist’s theory of extroversion stimulation:
a. 15% of people have a minimum set point; This means that they naturally have low levels of stimulation.
B. 15% of people have a high set point; This means that they are usually more excited naturally.
P. 70% of people are in the middle of this spectrum.
According to Eisenhower, introverts are people who naturally have high levels of arousal. Because introverts often experience high levels of arousal chronically, they tend to find activities and environments in which they can escape overstimulation.
These people are more alert due to their high levels of natural stimulation and gain more information about their surroundings. Introverts regain their energy by escaping to an environment where they can be alone for a while, and find an opportunity to process and reflect on the information gained.
Common symptoms of introverts
Do you think that you can tell the difference between an introvert and an extrovert? Although you may think that introverts are shy and isolated people who prefer to spend time in private rather than socializing with others, these people can actually have different types and a wide variety of traits.
Of course, there are different types of introverts; From people who stay away from the community and prefer to stay home and read books instead of going to a big party, to introverts who enjoy socializing with others.
You may even be surprised to hear that many of the people you see are “extremely dynamic and social” may actually be completely introverted.
In the rest of this article, we’ll look at some of the characteristics that may indicate that you (or someone around you) is introverted.
1. Being in the company of a large number of people drains your energy
Do you feel very tired after a short time when you are in a large crowd? Do you often feel the need to go to a quiet place after a day of interacting with other people and spend time with yourself for a relatively long time?
let the? One of the main characteristics of people belonging to this personality type is that they have to expend energy in social situations – unlike extroverts who usually gain energy through such interactions .
But not all introverts generally avoid social events.
In fact, many introverts enjoy socializing with others, but with one key condition – such introverts usually prefer to be with close friends. Unlike extroverts who enter a party to meet new people, introverts tend to enjoy socializing with close friends at parties.
۲. You enjoy being alone
The definition of happy times for an introvert is to spend a quiet afternoon alone and enjoy his or her favorite pastimes and activities.
A few hours of reading a good book alone, taking a short walk in a relaxed nature, or watching your favorite TV show are some of the better ways to regain your energy and sense of freshness.
But what we mean is that usually all introverts want to be alone all the time. Many introverts love to socialize and spend time with friends and interact with acquaintances in social situations. But the key thing to keep in mind is that introverts need a quiet place to think, reflect, and regain their energy after a long day of social activities.
If your definition of having a good time is a few hours in solitude, you are probably an introvert as well.
3. You have a small number of close friends
One of the misconceptions about introverts is that they are not interested in other people. Although introverts do not usually enjoy much socializing, they certainly enjoy socializing with a small number of friends with whom they are more intimate and close than others.
Introverts prefer to pursue deep, enduring relationships with a high level of closeness and intimacy, rather than creating a large social circle of people they know only superficially.
Researchers have found that people with such a strong personality tend to have a small number of close and close friends around them. Although extroverts generally have a wide circle of friends and acquaintances around them, introverts usually choose their friends very carefully.
Close relationships are usually very deep and important to them. Also, introverts often prefer to interact with other people one by one – not in a crowded social situation.
If your social circle is usually small but very intimate, chances are you are also an introvert.
4. People usually describe you as calm and quiet and can not easily recognize you.
Introverts are often described as quiet, withdrawn, quiet, and sometimes mistakenly shy.
While some introverts are certainly shy, others certainly should not mistakenly equate the isolation of introverts with cowardice. In many cases, people belonging to this type of personality simply prefer to choose their sentences carefully, and not spend their time and energy on useless sayings.
If you are also quiet and a little withdrawn, you may be an introvert.
5. Excessive stimulation causes you to become distracted and distracted
Although introverts generally have to deal with hectic activities and crowded environments, they may eventually become distracted and tired. Extroverts, on the other hand, often feel refreshed and excited in situations with a lot of activity and noise, and rarely get bored.
Researchers have found from the results of at least one study that introverts tend to lose focus faster than extroverts; And that’s one of the reasons why introverts usually prefer quiet, non-fuss situations.
If you also feel confused in crowded social situations, you are probably an introvert.
6. You have a high level of self-awareness
Since introverts usually pay attention to their inner world, they will also spend a lot of time exploring their inner experiences. If you feel you have a great deal of insight into yourself, your motivations, and your emotions, you are probably an introvert.
Introverts often enjoy thinking about different things and exploring them in their minds. Self-awareness and understanding of the inner world is important for introverts; Therefore, these people spend a lot of time learning more about themselves.
These things usually include discovering their favorite hobbies, thinking about their lives, and reading books that are important to discovering topics and issues related to their lives.
If you feel you have a high level of self-awareness, and you enjoy gaining a deep awareness of yourself, chances are you are also an introvert.
7. You like to learn by looking
Unlike extroverts, who usually prefer to dig in quickly and learn new things through direct experience, introverts usually prefer to learn new things through observation. Although extroverts usually learn through trial and error, introverts can learn well by looking.
Introverts often like to see others doing something special over and over again – as long as they feel they can do it alone like everyone else.
Although introverts can certainly acquire the necessary skills through personal experience, they prefer to do their exercises in a secluded place away from the eyes of others in order to perfect their skills and abilities.
If you prefer to learn new things by observing the behavior of others instead of trial and error, it is possible that your introverted traits are more prominent.
8. You are attracted to jobs in which you can act independently
As you can imagine, jobs that require a high level of social interaction are usually not very appealing to introverts. On the other hand, jobs that can be done independently of others are usually attractive choices for introverts.
For example, an introvert may enjoy jobs such as writing, accounting, computer programming, graphic design, pharmacy, or art creation.
Introversion versus shyness
It should be noted that introversion does not necessarily equate to shyness. In their book Shyness and Social Isolation, two authors, Schmidt and Bass , write, “Socialization refers to a motivation, strong or weak, to want to be with others, while shyness refers to a restrained or uncontrollable behavior, and It also refers to feelings of tension or uneasiness that occur when a person is with others.
Shyness is a sign of fear of people or social situations. Introverts, on the other hand, are simply not interested in spending too much time interacting with other people.
Nevertheless, introverts certainly enjoy associating with people with whom they feel close or intimate. They find it tedious to talk to strangers, but they certainly enjoy in-depth conversations with specific people.
Also, introverts often think about their careers before speaking. They want to gain a full understanding of the concept at hand before attempting to comment or comment on an issue.
An author, Jonathan Rach , points out some of the myths and misconceptions about introverts in a glorious article published in the Atlantic Monthly . According to Rach, although introverts are often described as shy, withdrawn, and arrogant, these perceptions stem from the inability of extroverts to understand how introverts work.
Rach writes, “Extroverts have little or no understanding of introversion.” They think that socializing with others, especially with themselves, is always acceptable and enjoyable.
They can not imagine why some people need it alone; In fact, they are upset about it. Every time I have tried to explain this to extroverts, I have never felt that any of them have really been able to understand it.
It is estimating that the number of extroverts is almost three times the number of introverts. Introverts often feel that other people are trying to change them or even believe that they have a “problem”.
But introverts are not necessarily in trouble. Although they form a smaller part of society, none of the personality types can be call right or wrong.
Instead, both extroverts and introverts should try to understand each other’s differences and similarities.
It is true that introverts are in the minority, but many of your celebrities and loving ones may be introverts; Therefore, it is better to know 29 introverted celebrities .
The last word
Always remember, introversion is not a black feature. Some people may become very introverted in some situations, or enjoy socializing with others and still have a tendency to be introverted. Introversion is on the same spectrum as extroversion, and most people are usually located somewhere between the two ends of the spectrum.
If you also have some introversion traits and some extroversion traits, you have a chance to be part of the 70% that are at equilibrium points between the two ends of the spectrum.
People in the middle of the spectrum both enjoy socializing with others and spending time alone; These tendencies for this group of people depend on their situation and needs at the moment.
Most importantly, you must always remember that neither of these two personality types is better than the other. Each of these two tendencies has advantages and disadvantages depending on the situation.
However, with a better understanding of your personality type, you can learn how to make the most of your strengths.
If you are an introvert, if you are overwhelm by stimuli in the outside world, you need to find ways to deal with them. Spend a few minutes alone and relaxed so you can get rid of the confusing noise of the moment, and regain your vitality and energy.
In a study of introverted adults between the ages of 18 and 80, researchers found that those with stronger social relationships and better emotion regulation skills were happier and more energetic than those who did not.
Do your best to strengthen your intimate and intimate relationships so that you can enjoy stronger social connections and use your natural inclination to look at your inner world to reinforce your understanding of your emotions.
Introversion is a perfectly natural problem.
However, if you feel that the stresses and anxieties of your life are causing you to have introverted tendencies, and these tendencies are negatively affecting your daily and normal functioning, consult a physician or mental health professional.