blog posts

Necessary conditions for labor migration to Germany and the required jobs

Germany, a country of about 83 million people in central Europe, is one of the world’s manufacturing and industrial hubs, yet a land of pristine nature. 

labor migration to Germany is a country of opportunity, but not only for Germans, but also the best country for immigrants from third world countries.

Germany, the land of creation and innovation, is the fourth strongest economy in the world and the cradle of the world’s largest companies and factories.

Due to Germany’s growing industry and shortage of young labor, the country gives many non-Germans the opportunity to work and to develop their skills in the context of Germany’s advanced economy.

The German government welcomes immigrants and values ​​them for its economy and young population. The German labor market is facing labor shortages in various sectors, including information technology, engineering, health and research, and intends to fill these job opportunities with the best professionals from around the world.

One of the groups that Germany is currently granting work visas to is Iranians. In the following, after describing the benefits of labor migration to Germany and working conditions in this country, we review the latest list of jobs required in Germany.

A German work visa is a unique opportunity for foreign professionals to work in their field of specialization. Finding a job in Germany gives one the opportunity to first receive a work permit, usually for one year, and then to extend it as needed.

At the same time as extending your German work visa, you can also qualify for a variety of permanent residence in Germany.

Benefits of working in Germany

Regular and legal working hours

Working in Germany is known for its difficulty and high efficiency; But in fact, the working hours in this country are less than in many other countries. Working in Germany is usually 48 hours a week (8 hours a day, Monday to Saturday); Of course, in many jobs, employees work only 40 hours and 5 days a week. In certain circumstances, working hours may be extended to 60 hours. Working hours in Germany are usually flexible; Of course, a balance must be struck between working hours and holidays.

Equal rights for all

Germany is constantly striving to create a fair and transparent labor market for all. Every foreigner, by working in Germany, will enjoy all the same rights as other people, and will be comfortable with working conditions in a country with such a high level of culture and valid laws. For example, in 2006, Germany passed the Equal Employment Rights Act.

According to this law, treating disabled employees will be like treating others; Discrimination against any person on the grounds of ethnicity, gender, religion or ideology, as well as on the basis of age or sexual orientation, is also prohibited in Germany.

Paid leave

In Germany, if you have worked for a group for more than 4 weeks and suddenly become ill, the employer is obliged to pay you up to 6 weeks of your normal salary. This is true even of sports injuries. However, you should know that if the employer determines that you have intentionally endangered your health, they can refuse to pay you. Also, if you become ill as a result of cosmetic surgery or cosmetic procedures such as tattoos, this payment does not apply to you.

Be sure to notify your employer immediately if you become ill. In the latest case, you need a doctor’s certificate from the fourth day of illness.

However, the employer can force you to submit a doctor’s certificate from the first day of illness. It is essential that you observe the employer’s opinion on all time limits.

You can also take paid leave (Sonderurlaub) as a German worker. This type of leave is granted in the following cases:

  • Death (2 working days) or birth (1 working day) occur in your family;
  • One of your closest family members is seriously ill (up to 10 working days);
  • Be your wedding party (1 working day).

Safety and health at work

The Occupational Safety and Health Act (Arbeitsschutzgesetz) in Germany obliges employers to assess working conditions and take the necessary health and hygiene measures. They have a responsibility to ensure that occupational safety and health are maintained at all levels of the organization.

Standard wage

In Germany, there is no concept of a minimum wage. Each set determines their standard wage (Tariflohn) according to different agreements and based on the ability, skills and experience of each worker. On average, wages are higher in western Germany than in the east, and women earn 7 to 21 percent less than men. For example, the average full-time salary is around € 3,000 per month (€ 36,000 per year) in western Germany and around € 2,600 per month (€ 31,200 per year) in eastern Germany.

General conditions for working in Germany


  1. Matching the applicant’s education with the jobs declared required by the German government;
  2. Work experience of at least 3 to 5 years related to the field of study;
  3. Familiarity with German or English: tailored to the job offer offered.

Documents required to obtain a German work visa

  • Visa application form;
  • Passport photo;
  • Proof of employment (such as an employment contract);
  • Degrees;
  • Certification of qualifications in Germany;
  • German or English language certificate;
  • Work history documents;
  • CV;
  • Valid passport;
  • Valid travel health insurance certificate.

((Taken from ” Work visa in Germany “))

Ways to get a German work visa

It is now possible to obtain a German work visa in three ways:

1. Receive a job offer as an expert

To receive a job offer as an “expert”, each person must meet the following conditions:

  • At least a bachelor’s degree;
  • Maximum age 38 years;
  • German language certificate B1;
  • Existence of the desired job in the list of required jobs;
  • Resume can be relied upon.

In this method, the expert receives a job offer from an employer in Germany and enters the German labor market directly. After entering Germany, this person can also apply for the entry of his / her spouse and children under 18 years of age. His wife will also be allowed to work and her children will be free to study.

To obtain this type of work visa, you do not need to present a certificate of financial ability to the embassy.

2. Admission to the labor market after an internship in Germany (Ausbildung)

The following conditions are required to obtain this type of German work visa:

  • Diploma, associate or technical degree;
  • Maximum age 30 years;
  • German B2 language certificate;
  • Familiarity with the desired skills and expertise.

In this method, a person who is familiar with a particular technical skill applies for a formal internship in Germany. This internship lasts about 2 to 3 years and will be accompanied by a salary (under one thousand euros). This course is very useful and legal, and from the very beginning a German work visa is granted to a person with an internship.

During the internship, one cannot take one’s family to Germany; This will be possible after the end of this period and entering the German labor market. It is worth mentioning that when issuing a visa, the German embassy asks for a certificate of financial capability of about 10 thousand euros. This is to prove that you can fully afford it during your internship.

3. Receive a job offer as a specialist (in technical fields)

The following conditions are required to obtain this type of German work visa:

  • Diploma, associate or technical degree;
  • Maximum age 38 years;
  • German B2 language certificate;
  • Complete skills and expertise in the desired job;
  • Resume can be relied upon.

In this method, one must be fully proficient in a technical field. The difference between this method and the first method is in the type of degree. In this type of job search, having a bachelor’s degree is not necessary, but a strong resume is definitely needed. In this type of visa, a person can also take his wife and children under the age of 18 to Germany. His wife will be allowed to work and his children will be able to study for free.

What jobs do Germany need?

Every year, Germany publishes a list of jobs it needs in various sectors. In this section we have tried to provide the most complete list of required jobs in Germany.

  1. Automotive and metals engineering
  2. mechanical engineering
  3. Mechatronics, Energy and Electronics Engineering
  4. Technical research and science development
  5. Construction engineering of equipment and tools
  6. Information Technology
  7. Health, treatment and care
  8. Welding Engineering
  9. Construction Mechanics
  10. Jobs related to electrical structures
  11. Electric machine technology
  12. electrical engineering
  13. civil engineer
  14. Metal technology specialist – manufacturing technology
  15. Jobs related to building construction
  16. Jobs related to plumbing, heating, air conditioning
  17. Jobs related to furnaces and air heating systems
  18. Jobs related to software development
  19. Programming
  20. Locomotive
  21. German Nursing Work Visa
  22. Orthopedics
  23. Rehabilitation
  24. Audiology
  25. Electronic Engineering
  26. industrial Technology
  27. Industrial automation school
  28. Industrial Automation Engineering
  29. robotic
  30. Electronics with energy and building orientation
  31. Electronics with a focus on construction systems and infrastructure
  32. Electronics with a focus on machinery and drive technology
  33. Electronics with a focus on industrial engineering
  34. Industrial electricity
  35. Industrial electricity with a focus on industrial engineering
  36. Management process in electricity
  37. Masonry
  38. Vehicle tracking
  39. Sanitary equipment engineering

((Quoted from ” Germany Job List “))

The last word

If you do not have the conditions to immigrate to Germany for work, you can use other ways.