IELTS writing task1; Line Graph, Pie chart, Table

In previous blogs, we explained IELTS examination modules and some strategies in each part. Also, we talked about both task 1 and task2. As you may know in writing task 1 of the IELTS exam you are expected to write about a statement and give your own idea. for example, suppose that question type is like this, “In many countries today, people in cities either live alone or in the small family unit, rather than in large, extended family group. Is this a positive or negative trend? “. As you see the task2 question it seems that this question wants to know your opinion and we will see the suggested answer for this at the end of this post. However, in writing task 1 you cannot write your own opinion. In this part, you have to write a report of a diagrammatical question that contains a numerical report.

It should be mentioned that the recommended spending time for task 1 is 20 minutes and 40 minutes for writing task 2.

Task 1

In IELTS writing task 1 some question types need their own strategies to answer.

Line Graph

In the line graphs, we have to report the following parts of the graph:


Every line graph in the IELTS writing task1 has several positions that some of which have to be reported completely. But we don’t need to report all the positions. Important positions in a line graph are starting point, maximum point, minimum point, ending point. As mentioned in the line graph there is no need to report all positions but it is better to report all mentioned positions. for instance, see the below line graph. You can see that there are several positions that the maximum position is in around 2005.

There are some structures that you can use to report the positions of the line graph with them.

  • starting: subject+ (started at/ stood at/ originally was)
  • maximum: subject+ (peaked at/ made a peak at/ reached its maximum number at)
  • minimum: subject+ (hit the bottom at/ made a low of/ reached its minimum number at)

we use these structures when we want to report starting, maximum and minimum points respectively.

One important thing that the candidate should notice is that the time period mostly is about the past and then accordingly the sentence’s tense have to be simple past.


The next part of a line graph in the IELTS writing task1 that IELTS candidates should report is the trend. We normally can find upward, downward, stability, and fluctuation trends. Like positions, there is some useful structure that candidates can memorize and use to report trends in a line graph.


Firstly, For the upward trend was can use this structure:

“subject +verb” or “there was+ a/an noun” or “subject+ (experienced/ saw/ had)+ a/an noun”

verbs that indicate an upward trend: rise, increase, go up, climb, grow, double, triple, boom, surge, soar, rocket, and so on.

nouns could be a rise, an increase, a growth, an upward trend, a boom, a surge, a doubling, etc.


Secondly, The above structures in the IELTS writing task1 are for both upward and downward trends.

verbs for downward trend: fall, decline, decrease, dip, drop, go down, halve, plummet, plunge, dive, and deteriorate

nouns are: a fall, a decline, a decrease, a drop, a reduction, a slump, and a plunge



Next, the Following structures are for a steady trend:

Subject+ “did not change” or “(subject+ had/ there was) a period of(stability/ steadiness/ static state)” or “subject+ remainder (stable/ steady/ unchanged)”




Finally, look at the following structures for fluctuation trend:

after the subject, we can use “(had/ there was) a period of(fluctuation/ constant changes)” or “change constantly”





Now see the following example in the IELTS writing task1. the question is:

“The chart below shows the changes that took place in three different areas of crime in Newport city center from 2003-2012.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.”

The first step is recognizing the positions. By looking at this line graph we can find a maximum point in around 2004 and a minimum point in about 2008 for burglary figure. What do you think about Robbery’s figure? Is there any point to report? the answer is NO! the maximum and minimum points should be easily distinguishable. You can see that we cannot find any obvious max or min point in Robbery’s figure. First, find and list the positions and then use the mentioned structures to report them.

The second step is that to report the trends. If you look at the question you can see that the question says summarize the information. What do you know about summarizing a line graph!? In the following chart, you can see the Burglaries figure, can we report the downward trend from 2004 to 2006 and then again report the downward trend from 2006 to 2008? the answer is NO we cant! it is better to summarize information in situations like this, the sequence of two upward or downward trends.

Sample writing

For the below line graph in the IELTS writing task1 we can write like this:

The given chart shows how much fish and different kinds of meat were consumed in a country in Europe from 1979 to 2004.

Overall, while the consumption of different types of meat including beef, lamb, and fish experienced a downward trend over a period of 25 years,  the one of chicken increased significantly.

In the first year, in 1979, beef was the first highest figure with a consumption of about 225 grams per person per week. Then, this figure experienced a sudden plunge before surging to about 230 grams in 1984. Following this, there was some fluctuation until 1989 after which it decreased dramatically to around half as much as its original amount in 2004. However, it was still the second most consumed type of meat in that year.

Roughly 150 grams of both lamb and chicken were used in 1979. However, while the consumption of the former declined gradually as it reached approximately 60 grams in the last year, the latter saw a considerable growth peaked at 250 grams in 2004.

As for fish consumption, it was originally near 60 and experienced a small fall of about 10 over the period.

Questions that have to be asked after the report

  1. Have I reported the needed positions? (maximum, minimum, starting and ending points)
  2. Have I employed a wide range of structures (grammatical structures) in the report?
  3. Did I report the numbers correctly?
  4. Did I follow the punctuation rules?

Pie chart

Another question type in the IELTS writing task1 is the pie chart. In this type of question, an IELTS candidate should write a report about a question like this:

there are some useful structures that candidates can use for reporting this kind of question. Please look at the following structures:

  • … percent of … belongs to …
  • … makes … percent of …
  • The biggest/ largest/ most significant … belongs to … with …
  • … percent of … is reported to be …
  • … responsible for … of …
  • … percent of … is related to …
  • … is … as big/ much as …
  • … forms …percent of …
  • The percentage/ share/ proportion of … is … of …
  • … comprises … percent of …
  • The smallest/ least/ least significant … is related to … which is …

In the pie chart questioned it is better to use Superlatives, Comparatives, Contrasts, and Similarities. Here you can see some common structures for mentioned structures:


  • while/ whereas ………………………………………………………………………………….
  • …………………………… . However, / On the other hand, / Conversely,……………….
  • Unlike/ As opposed to………….., ………………………………………………………….


  • Both ………. and ……….    ……………………………………………………………………….
  • ………………………….. . Likewise, / Similarly, / In the same manner, …………………..
  • Similar to ………………………., ………………………………………………………………..


Almost all strategies and structures that are used in both line graph and pie chart can be used in the table, bar chart other kinds of questions. In this section, we are going to show you a good sample of writing for the table type.

CityDate openedKilometers of routePassengers per year (in million)
Washington DC1976126144
Los Angeles20012850

Sample writing:

The table compares the six networks in terms of their age, size, and the number of people who use them each year.

Overall, it is clear that the three oldest underground systems are larger and serve significantly more passengers than the newer systems.

The London Underground is the oldest system, having opened in 1863. It is also the largest system with 394 kilometers of route. The second-largest system, in Paris, is only about half the size of the London underground, with 199 kilometers of route.

However, it serves more people per year. While only third in terms of size, similar to Paris, the Tokyo system serves more passengers than one of London. In fact, it is easily the most used, with 1927 million passengers per year.

Of the three newer networks, Washington DC underground is the most extensive, with 126 kilometers of route, compared to only 11 kilometers and 28 kilometers for the Kyoto and Los Angeles systems. The Los Angeles network is the newest, having opened in 2001, while the Kyoto network is the smallest and serves only 45 million passengers per year.


  • Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like
    you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do
    with some pics to drive the message home a little bit,
    but instead of that, this is wonderful blog. An excellent read.
    I will definitely be back.

  • Good day! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook
    group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Thank you

  • Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you
    continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your
    writing. Cheers!

  • I like the manner you have concluded this post …

  • You have covered this topic expertly.

  • Love the manner you cover this subject.

  • Very few authors with correct expertise of the subjects they write about.

  • Just bookmarked this post as I have actually found it fairly helpful.

  • Too many blog writers nowadays yet just a few have posts worth spending time on reading.

  • Just bookmarked this article as I have found it rather helpful.

  • Your way of addressin this subject is both terrific and also inspiring.

  • Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to
    safeguard against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about
    losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any recommendations?

  • Precisely the sort of content that enhances the web. Thanks!

  • Your way of addressin this subject is both terrific and motivating.

  • I have read so many articles regarding the blogger lovers except
    this piece of writing is genuinely a good piece of writing, keep
    it up.

  • Exactly the sort of web content that enhances the web. Many thanks!

  • I do consider all the ideas you’ve offered in your post. They’re really convincing and can definitely wo아바타바카라
    rk. Nonetheless, the posts are too quick for beginners. Could you please extend them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  • The only point I regret is not having actually found your blog site before.

  • Way too many bloggers nowadays but just a few have articles worth spending time on browsing.

  • Your manner of addressin this topic is both remarkable as well as motivating.

  • Hi there, just wanted to tell you, I liked this article. It was funny. Keep on posting!|

  • Thanks for sharing your thoughts about meta_keyword. Regards|

  • It’s actually a great and helpful piece of information. I
    am glad that you just shared this useful info with us.

    Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for

  • Great website. Plenty of useful information here. I am sending it to some pals ans additionally sharing in delicious.
    And certainly, thank you in your effort!

  • At this moment I am ready to do my breakfast, once having my breakfast coming again to read further news.

  • Everything is very open with a really clear clarification of the issues.
    It was truly informative. Your site is very useful.
    Many thanks for sharing!

  • This design is wicked! You certainly know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well,
    almost…HaHa!) Great job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and
    more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  • Hi there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay.

    I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look
    forward to new updates.

  • I absolutely love your blog and find most of your post’s to be precisely what I’m
    looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you personally?

    I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating
    on a few of the subjects you write related to here. Again,
    awesome web log!

  • Hi there mates, how is the whole thing, and what you desire to say concerning this piece of writing, in my
    view its really awesome designed for me.

  • What i do not understood is in fact how you are no longer
    really much more smartly-appreciated than you may be now.
    You are very intelligent. You recognize therefore significantly relating to this subject, produced me in my view
    consider it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women are not involved
    unless it’s one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs great.
    All the time care for it up!

  • Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your
    stuff previous to and you’re just extremely excellent.
    I actually like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you are stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take care of
    to keep it smart. I can not wait to read much more from you.
    This is really a terrific site.

  • It’s really a nice and helpful piece of info. I’m happy that you simply shared this helpful info with us.
    Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  • This text is priceless. When can I find out more?

  • I have been surfing online more than three hours as of
    late, but I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours.

    It is lovely value sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers
    made excellent content material as you probably did, the
    net might be a lot more useful than ever before.

  • Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend your web site,
    how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal.
    I were tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided brilliant clear concept

  • Ahaa, its fastidious discussion regarding this post at this place at this weblog, I
    have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

  • Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it
    seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You obviously know what youre talking about, why waste your
    intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you
    could be giving us something informative to read?

  • I needed to thank you for this wonderful
    read!! I absolutely enjoyed every little bit of it. I have got you bookmarked to look at new things you post…

  • An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a
    coworker who was doing a little homework on this. And
    he actually bought me dinner simply because I discovered it for
    him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending the time to discuss
    this matter here on your web site.

  • Thank you for some other informative web site.
    Where else may I get that kind of information written in such an ideal manner?
    I’ve a venture that I’m just now working on, and I have been at
    the look out for such information.

  • Wonderful post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte
    more on this topic? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate
    a little bit further. Bless you!

  • Good way of telling, and nice article to get data about my presentation focus, which i am going to convey in college.

  • My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.

    Does one offer guest writers to write content for you?
    I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on some of the subjects you
    write concerning here. Again, awesome website!

  • Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the web
    the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they plainly don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing
    without having side effect , people can take
    a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  • Hi there friends, how is everything, and what you want to say regarding this paragraph, in my view its truly amazing in favor of me.

  • You really make it appear really easy with your presentation but I
    in finding this topic to be actually one thing that I think I might
    never understand. It sort of feels too complex and very vast for me.
    I’m taking a look ahead on your subsequent publish, I will try to get the dangle of it!

  • Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during
    lunch break. I really like the knowledge you present here and
    can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how
    fast your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyways, great site!

  • Hi! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok.

    I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.

  • Yes! Finally something about 더킹 카지노.

  • Thank you for any other magnificent post. The place else may just anybody
    get that kind of information in such a perfect way of writing?
    I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the look for such information.

  • Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account
    it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?

  • Hello! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me
    of my good old room mate! He always kept talking about this.
    I will forward this write-up to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read.

    Many thanks for sharing!

  • I will right away grab your rss feed as I can not
    to find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Please let me recognize in order that I may just subscribe.

  • I’m not sure exactly why but this blog is loading
    very slow for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem
    still exists.

  • It’s truly very difficult in this active life to listen news on TV, so I simply use web for that purpose, and take the latest

  • I blog frequently and I genuinely appreciate
    your content. This article has truly peaked my interest.
    I am going to take a note of your website and keep checking for new details about once a week.
    I opted in for your Feed as well.

  • Your way of telling the whole thing in this paragraph is in fact nice, every one be able to
    easily know it, Thanks a lot.

  • Normally I don’t read post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to try and do it!

    Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thank you, quite nice article.

  • It’s really very difficult in this active life to listen news on TV, so I just use world wide web for that purpose, and take the hottest information.

  • I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written!

  • Appreciate the recommendation. Will try it out.

  • I’m not sure exactly why but this blog is loading incredibly slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end?
    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  • Its like you read my thoughts! You appear to know so much approximately
    this, such as you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you just can do with some percent to drive the message house a bit, however instead of that, that is excellent blog.

    An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

  • Definitely believe that which you stated. Your
    favorite reason seemed to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people think about worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects ,
    people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *