School Smartening

How Does School Smartening Improve The Quality Of Teaching And Learning?

 The Smartening Of Schools to cultivate A New Generation Of Professionals Who Are Going To Make The Best Use Of Their Potential Talents In The Golden Age Of Information Is Being Seriously Considered By Many Countries.

School Smartening Is One Of The Important Issues Related To Educational Systems That Require The Convergence Of Different Technologies.

To complete smartening schools in the best way, we must first prepare the necessary infrastructure and then help teachers and staff active in textbook writing to prepare educational content following new educational needs.

To keep pace with global change, educational systems must use new educational platforms to address the shortcomings of traditional systems. Smart schools can be transformative by providing a new mechanism in education that is the product of the convergence of new technologies such as the Internet of Things.

In the simplest definition, smart schools refer to educational units that try to provide comprehensive educational services through the mechanism of face-to-face e-learning and maintain the educational system’s policies.

Smart schools can offer curricula with more flexibility and use new methods to teach simple and complex lessons.

For example, it is possible to prepare a wide range of curricula and teaching methods for which students focus, considering individual differences and paying more attention to students’ tastes, needs, and talents, and bridging the education gap.

The application of the mechanisms and solutions provided by the Internet of Things in schools brings about many changes in traditional education policies, literacy concepts, the role and position of teacher and student, assessment methods, teaching methods, and interaction between teacher and students.

Evaluations in this regard show that smart schools can be described as a learning organization that has evolved in recent years. All its executive institutions are adaptable to the existing conditions and can be easily developed. The above approach allows smart schools to adapt to changing circumstances.

For example, when an unexpected event such as an outbreak occurs, it is possible to continue training and use potential infrastructure for distance learning.

Despite the great transformation of smart schools in the education system, the comprehensive implementation of this program on a large scale is fraught with many obstacles and problems.

Lack of specialized and trained human resources, lack of financial resources to equip smart schools with computer systems, and costly purchase and implementation of intelligent IoT equipment such as smart sensors are the main problems in developing smart schools on a large scale.

Research on the introduction of information technology and the Internet of Things into the education systems of countries such as Malaysia shows that this project has flourished the brilliant talents of students and facilitated education in these countries.

Despite the great transformation of smart schools in the education system, the comprehensive implementation of this program on a large scale is fraught with many obstacles and problems.

Lack of specialized and trained human resources, lack of financial resources to equip smart schools with computer systems, and costly purchase and implementation of intelligent IoT equipment such as smart sensors are the main problems in developing smart schools on a large scale.

Research on the introduction of information technology and the Internet of Things into the education systems of countries such as Malaysia shows that this project has flourished the brilliant talents of students and facilitated education in these countries.

Despite the great transformation of smart schools in the education system, the comprehensive implementation of this program on a large scale is fraught with many obstacles and problems.

Lack of specialized and trained workforce, lack of financial resources to equip smart schools with computer systems, and costly purchase and implementation of intelligent IoT equipment such as smart sensors are the main problems in developing smart schools on a large scale.

Research into the introduction of information technology and the Internet of Things into the education systems of countries such as Malaysia shows that this project has nurtured the brilliant talents of students and facilitated education in these countries.

Lack of specialized and trained workforce, lack of financial resources to equip smart schools with computer systems, and costly purchase and implementation of intelligent IoT equipment such as smart sensors are the main problems in developing smart schools on a large scale.

Research on the introduction of information technology and the Internet of Things into the education systems of countries such as Malaysia shows that this project has flourished the brilliant talents of students and facilitated education in these countries.

Lack of specialized and trained workforce, lack of financial resources to equip smart schools with computer systems, and costly purchase and implementation of intelligent IoT equipment such as smart sensors are the main problems in developing smart schools on a large scale.

Research on the introduction of information technology and the Internet of Things into the education systems of countries such as Malaysia shows that this project has flourished the brilliant talents of students and facilitated education in these countries. What is a smart school?

A smart school is a school in which all executive processes such as management, supervision, control, teaching, learning, teaching and teaching resources, evaluation, documentation and office work, communication, and IT-based development solutions align with the policies education system.

Research has an important role to play in this regard.

The Center for Statistics and Information and Communication Technology of the Ministry of Education has defined this in the document of school smartening method: “Smart school as one of the most important components of the educational system is a dynamic and learning educational organization that Management has been systematically rebuilt to prepare students at different levels for life in the information and communication age.

 “In the smart school, all processes are based on ICT and are research-oriented to improve the educational system.”

Based on the published document, we describe a school as intelligent that has the following characteristics:

Learning environment: In a smart school, learning is presented according to students’ individual differences, and multimedia and research-oriented content emphasize knowledge production. In this environment, capable and specialized teachers and staff are eager to use new technologies.

So that the communication infrastructure uses the latest technologies to perform the management process in a systematic and integrated manner.

Accordingly, appropriate communication facilities for online presence on the intranet should be established for students and teaching staff so that both parties can connect to the communication network without any problems.

The dynamic interaction between the school, the students, and the parents of the students help to achieve the higher goals of education.

Knowledge production: Independence of time and place in providing knowledge, structural and educational innovation in teaching and learning causes the shortcomings of the traditional system to be eliminated. In addition, schools can identify and nurture students’ potential talents.

Social activities: One of the most important goals of implementing smart schools is to conduct research activities as a team. Appropriate communication platforms such as the national communication network and intranet allow students and teachers to use different resources and focus on teaching and learning by combining them in the best possible way. An approach that encourages creative thinking and the development of ideas.

This flexibility helps make the smart school a good place to generate knowledge.

IoT in smart school

Intelligent environments pursue three main goals: learning, reasoning, and predicting. Simply put, intelligent environments, or more accurately intelligent devices, need to learn how the environment works and how to react or take action when they detect a signal.

An intelligent environment is an environment that can acquire knowledge about the environment and apply this knowledge to improve the performance of the environment. Some users believe that smart schools include a set of classrooms equipped with technical features such as smart boards, while smart schools and IoT-based learning begin before stepping into the classroom.

The smart school, which is based on the basics of the Internet of Things, will first look for a solution to equip school services with IoT technology. It connects school buses or services to the Internet of Things, so parents know when their child is out of school.

In classrooms and school corridors, sensors can automatically adjust the light and sound of the teacher in the classroom and closely monitor corridors and the school environment.

In addition, HVAC intelligent heating, cooling, and ventilation systems activate equipment when the temperature in the school building and classrooms drops below a certain point, resulting in significant energy savings and cost savings. Apart from learning, the IoT brings other important security, student affairs, internal and external educational resources, human resources, and financial management for smart schools.

In classrooms and school corridors, sensors can automatically adjust the light and sound of the teacher in the classroom and closely monitor corridors and the school environment.

In addition, HVAC intelligent heating, cooling, and ventilation systems activate equipment when the temperature in the school building and classrooms drops below a certain point, resulting in significant energy savings and cost savings.

Apart from learning, the IoT brings other important security, student affairs, internal and external educational resources, human resources, and financial management for smart schools.

In classrooms and school corridors, sensors can automatically adjust the light and sound of the teacher in the classroom and closely monitor corridors and the school environment.

In addition, HVAC intelligent heating, cooling, and ventilation systems activate equipment when the temperature in the school building and classrooms drops below a certain point, resulting in significant energy savings and cost savings.

Apart from learning, the IoT brings other important security, student affairs, internal and external educational resources, human resources, and financial management for smart schools.

In addition, HVAC intelligent heating, cooling, and ventilation systems activate equipment when the temperature in the school building and classrooms drops below a certain point, resulting in significant energy savings and cost savings.

Apart from learning, the IoT brings other important security, student affairs, internal and external educational resources, human resources, and financial management for smart schools.

In addition, HVAC intelligent heating, cooling, and ventilation systems activate equipment when the temperature in the school building and classrooms drops below a certain point, resulting in significant energy savings and cost savings.

Apart from learning, the IoT brings other important security, student affairs, internal and external educational resources, human resources, and financial management for smart schools.

 Smart school infrastructure

The Internet of Things and the smart school need a strong Wi-Fi network to provide the best services to meet the needs of smart equipment. Due to security concerns and privacy at the highest levels, the need for network management software at higher levels of education is well felt.

In this regard, network analysis provides clear insights into network traffic management and program implementation.

An important point that should not be overlooked is that management is more important than using new technology equipment in a smart school. If we talk about protocols designed for smart environments and the Internet of Things, we come across many practical examples that aim to balance energy consumption and implement systems that perform faster and more accurately.

Ziggy communication protocol for application layer

ZigBee was first introduced in 2004 and has received various updates. The ZigBee protocol is one of the most widely used wireless home protocols, as it provides the ideal solution for devices with low data rates. In addition, it is suitable for devices that require long battery life. This protocol performs better than Bluetooth and is a better alternative to Bluetooth.

HIP Host Identity Protocol

The HIP is a solution that locates the movement between the network and the transmission layers.HIP introduces a new host identity (layer 3.5) between the IP layers and the higher layers.

This is to avoid a situation where connecting sockets to IP addresses forces the address to play the dual role of endpoint identifier and forward identifier.

In a HIP, top-layer sockets are connected to host identities (HIPs) instead of IP addresses. In addition, the connection of these host identities to IP addresses (locators) is made dynamically. The purpose of the HIP is to support inter-system trust, increase mobility and significantly reduce DOS attacks.

CUBIC architecture

The CUBIQ architecture is made up of the following three layers:

  •  Data Source Layer: Provides transparent data access and management and manages data dynamics, handling, replication, errors, and stability.
  • In-text processor layer: Provides data processing services.
  •  Extra-text processor layer: is responsible for combining services.

Wireless HART

The product developed and popular is Highway Addressable Remote Transducer (HART). HART stands for Remote Highway Converter. This product has features such as security and durability, but it lacks the ability to share data with other communication technologies due to its one-time philosophy.

Among the key features of this protocol are the following:
  •  Communicate with devices in a field through an intelligent process
  •  Developed from the popular Wired HART communication technology for wireless applications
  •  Implementation based on PHY IEEE 802.15.4-2006 standard and supports Mac addresses
  •  Ability to implement real-time communication through centralized management of TDM slots and routing of mesh networks
  •  Implement secure communications through secure communication mechanisms

IEEE standard 151

The scalability of smart electronic equipment is increasing, while the costs of energy converters are declining. The standard simplifies the process of connecting sensors and actuators. In addition, the above standard provides the benefits of rapid connection and use of electronic equipment to computer systems for most sensors and mobile devices.

Six key principles of a smart school

Earl Perkins, Gartner’s research assistant, believes that a smart school should pursue the following six principles:

  • Creative knowledge: Smart schools have the greatest impact on students’ intellectual development by providing appropriate content because teaching theory is accompanied by practical work that teaches students problem-solving skills.
  • Learning aptitude: Preparing students to think helps them make rational decisions based on wisdom in the future.
  • Learning to transfer knowledge: One of the biggest problems of today’s society is the inability to transfer knowledge from one generation to another properly. One of the important principles of learning in smart schools is the use of new teaching techniques. A smart school teaches students how to learn and pass on what they have learned. Educational systems that work on motivation, articulation, simulation of tasks, and imparting knowledge to others from an early age will bring to the community people who know how to impart complex skills and topics in simple language…
  • Focused Learning Assessment: Research shows that learning-based assessment provides more accurate results than output-based assessment (end-of-course scores). In a way that encourages students and teachers to pursue education more seriously.
  • Problem Solving Ability: One of the most important achievements of creative thinking and deep understanding of problems is to prepare students and even teachers to solve complex problems. In smart schools, students and teachers can rely on innovation and creativity to develop new ways to solve problems. The most obvious example of this is student robotics teams that unveil stunning achievements in competitions.

Why is school smartening not a choice but a necessity?

Alvin Toffler points to an important issue in The Shock of the Future:

“The new technologies of the future tell millions of illiterate people who are willing to do anything repetitive, to follow the orders of others without thinking, and to obey their managers without thinking.”

No need. The future belongs to those who have the ability to judge and can understand the situation correctly.

“These people know how to react to new environments and to adapt to a world where relationships are constantly changing.” Due to the widespread use of large networks such as the Internet and communication networks, the educational needs of universities, institutions, training centers, and students have changed, and they are all looking to learn the skills of the day.

With the advent of computers in educational centers, especially computers connected to information networks such as the Roshd network, major changes have taken place in classrooms that have paved the way for changes in educational structures, behavioral patterns of the educational system, and educational content.

In general, traditional education systems focus on training people who are supposed to work in specific industrial contexts, while the reality is that education systems need to change in line with current developments.

Classes typically require six basic computer tools, a data projector, a smartboard, intelligent teaching software, and IoT equipment.

In general, traditional education systems focus on training people who are supposed to work in specific industrial contexts, while the reality is that education systems need to change in line with current developments.

Classes typically require six basic computer tools, a data projector, a smartboard, intelligent teaching software, and IoT equipment.

In general, traditional education systems focus on training people who are supposed to work in specific industrial contexts, while the reality is that education systems need to change in line with current developments. Classes typically require six basic computer tools, a data projector, a smartboard, intelligent teaching software, and IoT equipment.

What are the challenges facing school smartening?

One of the biggest obstacles in realizing the school smartening plan is the cultural beliefs of the society. While education and communication experts emphasize the effective role of new technologies such as the Internet of Things in advancing educational goals and believe that new technologies help students learn new concepts, there is much resistance to achieving this.

Unfortunately, some families believe that computers are just a tool for play and entertainment and that students only study and learn while sitting at a desk with textbooks open in front of them.

The second important problem is the lack of access to communication networks for all members of society. Unfortunately, some areas and villages still do not have access to communication networks, and sometimes communication networks are slow due to various reasons.

The economic problem is another problem that should be mentioned.

The economic problem is one of the most important obstacles in creating a culture of interaction with smart schools. The fact is that some families have difficulty buying a computer, which is a major obstacle to the advancement and success of smart schools.

If smart schools are to be implemented as part of a national plan, but the family is having serious difficulty buying a computer, some students will drop out of school. India solved this problem nearly ten years ago with the unveiling of $ 35 laptops designed for students.

At the time of the unveiling and introduction of these small laptops designed for students, the Indian Minister of Human Resources, Kapil Sibal, announced that the Indian government had begun negotiations with international computer companies to produce the product on a large scale the future.

He said:

“In terms of the development of the computer industry, we have reached a point where it costs about $ 35 to produce all the components of this computer, including the chip, memory, and all parts, even the operating system.”

The third major problem in this area is the students’ weakness concerning English. Although foreign language teaching is available at different levels, students can not easily use English resources and are limited to Persian sites.

The fourth problem is the worn-out texture of traditional schools and intends to change their use and move towards smarter.

This process requires a lot of budget and time, which requires the cooperation of the private sector with the Ministry of Education. In addition, as smart mechanisms enter schools, software and textbook content must change, and powerful Persian-language databases must be created so that research and programming can take on a native form.