From Stomach Ulcer Symptoms To Its Treatment

From Stomach Ulcer Symptoms To Its Treatment

What Exactly Is A Stomach Ulcer? Is There A Definitive And Complete Treatment For Stomach Ulcers? What Do We Know About The Symptoms And Ways To Treat Gastric Ulcer Or Gastric Ulcer?

A stomach ulcer is a kind of digestive disease. Gastric ulcer, also known as gastric ulcer, is the name doctors give for painful ulcers in the stomach. Linking gastrointestinal ulcers of this kind can affect the stomach and the small intestine of humans.

A stomach ulcer occurs when the amount of the thick mucous layer in the stomach, which usually protects the stomach against digestive juices, decreases for some reason and provides a vulnerable platform for the underlying tissues. Such a reduction in the thickness of the mucous layer will allow the digestive acids to “eat” the tissues in the stomach and cause painful ulcers.

A false belief about “no cure for stomach ulcers” is common among some; But the fact is that stomach ulcers can be easily treated with timely follow-up and taking the right treatment paths, But we must note that these wounds can become more severe without proper treatment and create a chronic and annoying condition for the person.

What is the cause of gastric ulcer?

We can say with a good approximation that stomach ulcers are generally caused by one of the following reasons:

  • Helicobacter pylori infection (H. pylori)
  • Long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen

Of course, in addition to the two main reasons that cause stomach ulcers in a high percentage of people involved with this condition, a rarer medical condition or complication called Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can also lead to stomach and intestinal ulcers by increasing the production of acid in the human body. This syndrome is suspected of causing less than 1% human gastrointestinal ulcers.

Stomach ulcer symptoms

Several specific symptoms have been listed for stomach ulcers. These symptoms’ severity depends on the wound’s severity and will vary from person to person. The most common symptom of a stomach ulcer is a burning sensation or pain between the chest and the navel in the middle of the abdomen. Typically, this pain will worsen when the person’s stomach is empty and can last from a few minutes to a few hours.

 Aside from a burning sensation or pain, other common signs and symptoms listed for peptic ulcers include:

  • Dull pain in the stomach
  • Weight Loss
  • Reluctance to eat due to pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • flatulence
  • The fast feeling of fullness or loss of appetite
  • Burping or acid reflux
  • Heartburn and burning sensation in the chest
  • Pain that may improve when eating, drinking, or taking antacids
  • Anemia, the symptoms of which can include fatigue, shortness of breath, or pale skin
  • Dark tarry stools
  • Vomiting that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds

Of course, we must pay attention to an important point; some of the above symptoms can also be present in other common complications such as the nervous stomach, inflammation of the stomach, etc.

Therefore, if you have symptoms similar to a stomach ulcer, it is better to see a specialist doctor.

If necessary, the doctor will obtain more information about the condition of your digestive system by performing tests such as stool tests and gastric endoscopies and will make a definite diagnosis of gastric ulcer.

You may experience mild symptoms, and your stomach ulcers are benign. However, these wounds should be treated even if the discomfort is gentle. Early injuries will get worse and more painful if left untreated. These wounds can lead to damage that may cause bleeding and may threaten a person’s life.


How is a stomach ulcer diagnosed?

We mentioned that the diagnosis of gastric ulcer should be left to a specialist doctor. On the other hand, the diagnosis and treatment of this condition in each person will depend on the symptoms and severity of the wound and other requirements specific to that person’s body. To diagnose a peptic ulcer, the doctor examines the medical history of the person along with the symptoms reported by the patient and notes the consumption of any prescription or non-prescription medication by the patient.

The doctor may prescribe blood, stool, or breath tests to rule out Helicobacter pylori infection.

In the breath test, the patient is asked to drink a clear liquid and breathe into a bag. This bag will be checked in a safe and closed manner. If Helicobacter pylori are present in the samples from a person’s breath, the breath sample will contain higher than normal carbon dioxide levels. Other tests and methods used to diagnose peptic ulcers include:

  • Barium swallow: The patient drinks a thick white liquid (barium). This material covers his upper digestive tract and helps the doctor see the person’s stomach and small intestine on X-rays.
  • Endoscopy (EGD): A thin tube equipped with a camera and optical instrument is inserted through the patient’s mouth into the stomach and upper parts of the small intestine. This test is used to check wounds, bleeding, and abnormal tissue in those areas and has good accuracy. The doctor may also take samples of stomach fluids during the endoscopy.
  • Endoscopic biopsy: In this type of endoscopy, a piece of stomach tissue is removed to perform further analysis in the laboratory.

Stomach ulcer treatment

The treatment of gastric ulcers can differ depending on the ulcer’s cause in the patient’s stomach. Most of the wounds can be treated with the doctor’s prescription and drug therapy and observing certain dietary restrictions (if the doctor’s discretion). However, in rare cases, the patient needs surgery to treat his stomach ulcers.

In general, we still recommend that it is better to treat stomach ulcers quickly and at the earliest opportunity. After a definite diagnosis, talk to your doctor and ask him about the treatment plan. If you have an actively bleeding ulcer, you will likely need to be hospitalized for immediate treatment with an endoscopy and IV ulcer medications.

In some exceptional cases, a person may need to receive blood. Don’t be afraid of all this! A stomach ulcer is generally treatable; if followed up and continued treatment, there is usually no reason to worry.

Non-surgical treatments for stomach ulcers

If Helicobacter pylori cause a person’s stomach ulcer, doctors will consider antibiotics and drugs called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). PPIs block the cells in the stomach responsible for producing acid. In addition to treatments, your doctor may also recommend the following:

  • H2 receptor blockers (drugs that also block acid production)
  • Stop using all NSAIDs or common anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Next endoscopy
  • Probiotics (beneficial bacteria that may help kill Helicobacter pylori)
  • Bismuth supplement

Ulcer symptoms may subside quickly with treatment, But even if the patient’s symptoms disappear, he should continue to take the drugs prescribed by the doctor until the end of the drug course. It is essential for infections caused by Helicobacter pylori, and potent medication aims to ensure that all harmful bacteria are killed. Otherwise, there will be a possibility of re-infection or the creation of new wounds. Of course, any medicine will have side effects.

Side effects of drugs used to treat stomach ulcers can include the following:

  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • Headache
  • diarrhea
  • Pain in the abdomen

We must remember that these side effects are usually temporary. If these side effects cause severe discomfort, you can talk to your doctor about changing your medication.

Surgical treatment for gastric ulcer

Treatment of severe stomach ulcers will require surgery in sporadic cases. Surgery may be performed for wounds that:

  • Continue to make consecutive returns
  • Do not respond to drug treatments
  • Bleeding
  • Abdominal tear
  • Prevent food from leaving the stomach to the small intestine

Depending on the type of involvement and wound of the patient, surgery can target different forms or areas.

In general, surgery to treat stomach ulcers can be summarized in one of the following approaches:

  • Removal of the entire wound
  • Taking tissue from another part of the intestine and attaching it to the wound
  • Bleeding artery occlusion
  • Cutting off the nerve supply to the stomach to reduce the production of stomach acid

healthy diet

In the past, it was thought that diet could cause ulcers. We now know that this is not true. We also know that although the types of foods consumed by a person do not necessarily directly cause or treat ulcers, eating a healthy diet can be beneficial for the intestinal tract and overall health of the human body.

In general, and as you’ve probably seen in various medical sources and articles, experts recommend that everyone eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and fiber.

Opinions are also raised about the role of food and Helicobacter. Based on our knowledge, we know that certain foods can play a role in eliminating Helicobacter pylori.

Among the foods that may help fight Helicobacter pylori or strengthen the body’s healthy bacteria, we can mention the following:

  • Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and radish
  • Leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale
  • Probiotic-rich foods, such as sauerkraut, miso, kombucha, yogurt (especially with Lactobacillus and Saccharomyces)
  • Apple
  • Blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blackberries
  • olive oil

In addition, since people with stomach ulcers may also have acid reflux disease along with this condition, it is recommended to avoid spicy foods until the person with stomach ulcers is recovering and undergoing treatment under the supervision of a doctor. And avoid sour.

Home remedies for stomach ulcers

In addition to eating the healthy foods mentioned above, which are recommended not only for stomach ulcers but for the health of the entire digestive system, some foods can help reduce the effects of Helicobacter pylori. This bacterium alone is the cause of many stomach ulcers and should not be underestimated!

With all of this, we must emphasize that these food supplements or foods should not be considered as a substitute for prescription drugs in modern medicine or as a substitute for the current treatment plan of a person who is supposed to be under the supervision of a doctor specializing in the treatment of stomach ulcers.

Three supplements or foods that are used as home remedies include:

  • Probiotics
  • honey
  • Glutamine (food sources include chicken, fish, eggs, spinach, and cabbage)

Also, depending on a patient’s specific condition, the specialist doctor may recommend some home measures to relieve or heal the pain caused by a stomach ulcer. If you are dealing with stomach ulcers, the sound advice of the experts is to talk to your doctor about natural and home remedies for stomach ulcers and prefer your doctor’s opinions over the views of sellers of herbal medicines, etc.


When should you see a doctor?

As mentioned at the beginning of the article, stomach ulcers are generally treatable; But the continuation of wounds and neglecting them can become a problem. Therefore, if you think you have a stomach ulcer, be sure to see a doctor. With the help of a doctor, you can examine the symptoms and treatment options in front of you. If you have a problem accessing a specialist doctor, you can consult a general practitioner at the beginning of the work so that he can guide you on the treatment path.

The final word is that taking care of gastric ulcers is very important; Because without treatment, ulcers and Helicobacter pylori can lead to problems that will be much more expensive and difficult to treat (mainly if they are treatable).

Although it is necessary to avoid generalizing the issue to all patients or scaring people inappropriately, failure to follow up the treatment of stomach ulcers and chronic and long-term stomach ulcers can lead to the following:

  • Bleeding from the wound can be life-threatening
  • Penetration: Occurs when the ulcer passes through the wall of the digestive tract and goes to another organ such as the pancreas
  • Perforation: Occurs when an ulcer creates a hole in the wall of the digestive tract
  • Obstruction in the digestive system that occurs due to the swelling of inflamed tissues
  • Gastric cancer, especially non-cardiac gastric cancer

In general, if you have any of these symptoms, be sure to see a doctor as soon as possible:

  • weakness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Vomiting or red or black stools
  • Sudden and severe pain in the abdomen that does not stop

Prevention of stomach ulcers

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water to prevent the spread of bacteria that can cause ulcers. Also, clean all your food properly and cook it thoroughly if needed.

To prevent ulcers caused by NSAIDs, stop or limit the use of these drugs (if possible). If you need to take NSAIDs, follow the recommended dosage and avoid drinking alcohol while taking these drugs. And always take these medicines with enough food and liquids on an empty stomach.